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ISO发布关于住宿设施的国际标准,旨在推动旅游业可持续发展

发布时间: 2019-03-04 09:30:32   审校:睿智  

旅游业是全世界规模最大和增长最快的经济行业之一。每年有数十亿人外出旅游——预计在2030年,每年的人数将增长3.3%1。游客的住宿是旅游业最大的贡献力量之一,这意味着其对可持续发展的潜在影响。ISO刚刚发布的关于住宿设施的国际标准,将有助于改进旅游住宿业带来的影响。

 

旅游业不仅发展迅速,而且是一个促进不同文化之间的相互理解,维护国家之间的和平,提供数百万个就业机会的行业,并且可以直接为联合国提出的17个可持续发展目标中的多个目标做出贡献。

    住宿设施是所有旅游活动的核心,因此具有巨大的潜力,可以从他们着手,改善游客住宿对环境的影响,增进社会交流,为以积极的方式为地方经济做出贡献。虽然在世界各地已有许多旅游运营商或其他商业组织提出一些可持续的旅游项目,但是,还没有一个真正公正的专门用于住宿的国际标准,直到最近,ISO发布了关于旅游住宿的国际标准。

 ISO 21401旅游及相关服务——住宿设施的可持续性体系——要求这项标准规定了建立游客住宿可持续性体系的环境、社会和经济要求。该项标准涉及到人权、员工和游客健康、游客安全、环境保护、水,能源消耗、废物产生和当地经济发展等问题。

    制定该项标准的 ISO 技术委员会主席曼纽尔·奥特罗(Manuel Otero)表示,市场上有许多可帮助住宿供应商实现环保的举措,但没有一个是结合社会和经济方面,或没有商业利益。

    Manuel Otero表示:“实际上,有许多来自不同国家和组织提出的许多可持续住宿方案,可能会使住宿部门疑惑什么才真正有用和可靠,如何满足诸多方案提出的要求。”

    “这项在国际上认可的标准为混乱的旅游住宿市场提供了指南。该项标准适用于所有类型的住宿,并可作为改进可持续性管理的工具。该项标准还可以推动市场,使住宿行业和旅游行业整体上更具有可持续性。”

    参与标准制定的工作组召集人亚历山大•加里多(Alexandre Garrido)补充道:那些实施 ISO 21401 的可持续发展管理体系的住宿部门,将有能力向游客和整个市场证明,他们是可持续性的企业。

“ISO 21401 将通过加强管理和提高声誉,为客户提供更优质的服务,改进与供应商、员工和当地社区的关系,使住宿设施受益。”

    ISO 21401 是由 ISO/TC 228旅游和相关服务技术委员会制定,其秘书处是由 ISO 的西班牙成员(UNE)和 ISO 突尼斯成员(INNORPI)共同承担。想获悉更多的国内外标准信息,请访问中国标准信息服务网(<https://www.sacinfo.cn>)。

 

Sustainable tourism: a new International Standard for accommodation providers

Tourism is one of the world’s largest and fastest-growing economic sectors, with billions of people travelling each year – and numbers are expected to grow by 3.3 % annually until 20301. Tourist accommodation is one of the biggest players, meaning its potential impact on sustainable development is huge. New international guidance for accommodation facilities to help them improve their impact has just been published.

Not only is tourism growing by the day, it is an industry that promotes understanding and peace between countries and cultures, provides millions of jobs and is ideally placed to contribute directly to many of the United Nations’ 17 sustainability goals.

       Accommodation facilities are central to any tourism activity and therefore hold immense potential for improving their impact on the environment, promoting social exchange and contributing to local economies in a positive way. But despite the many sustainable tourism programmes in existence worldwide, put forth by travel operators or other organizations with commercial interests, there has never been a truly impartial International Standard dedicated to accommodation. Until now.

       ISO 21401, Tourism and related services – Sustainability management system for accommodation establishments – Requirements, specifies the environmental, social and economic requirements for implementing a sustainability management system in tourist accommodation. It addresses issues such as human rights, health and safety for employees and guests, environmental protection, water and energy consumption, waste generation and the development of the local economy.

       Manuel Otero, Chair of the ISO technical committee that created the standard, said there are many initiatives in the market that accommodation providers could use to help them improve their environmental practices, but none that integrate the social and economic aspects as well, or are free from commercial interests.

       “The fact that there are many schemes for sustainable accommodation from different countries and organizations can make it difficult for such facilities to know what is useful and reliable and how to meet their requirements,” he said.

       “This internationally agreed standard provides clarity in a confusing market, applies to all types of accommodation and can serve as a tool to improve sustainable management. It will also help to stimulate the market for more sustainability in both the accommodation sector and the tourism industry as a whole.”

       Convenor of the working group involved in the standard’s development, Alexandre Garrido added that those that implement a sustainability management system based on ISO 21401 will be able to attest to their guests and to the whole market that they are sustainable businesses.

“ISO 21401 will benefit accommodation facilities by strengthening their management and improving their reputation, while providing better-quality services to clients and improving relationships with suppliers, employees and the local community.”

       ISO 21401 was developed by ISO technical committee ISO/TC 228, Tourism and related services, whose secretariat is held jointly by UNE, ISO’s member for Spain, and INNORPI, ISO’s member for Tunisia.


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