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ISO发布货物税印花新标准有助于非法产品远离市场

发布时间: 2019-01-07 10:42:59   审校:睿智  

印花是一件商品“合法”身份的象征,证明该商品已缴税,为正品。货物税印花不仅能保障政府收入,还能帮助检测出为数不少的非法假冒产品。ISO刚刚发布的一项印花安全新标准可提高货物税印花的效力,保护使用印花的商品。

烟酒是最常见的征收税收的项目,因为政府的目标是既要增加收入,又要阻止对危害健康商品的使用。出于相同的目的,许多国家正推出新的税种,如针对软饮料的“糖税”;如此一来,货物税的种类逐渐增加。为保证征税体系高效运行,需在商品上使用印花,证明税费已缴、商品在对应市场上可合法获取。

然而,税的存在催生了一批逃税者,进而滋生出向市场投放非法假冒产品的犯罪行为,极可能对消费者健康造成损害。不过,只要在商品上使用印花,就可万无一失地解决该问题。

ISO 22382安全与韧性-产品与文件的真实性,完整性及可靠性-货物税印花的内容、安全、发放和审查原则这项标准的制定旨在帮助税务机构提高对法规的实施,并建立有效和高效的货物税征收体制。

制定该项标准的ISO技术委员会项目负责人伊安·兰开斯特(Ian Lancaster)表示,印花很有潜力,也许会为大众健康与政府收入做出重大贡献。正因如此,该技术委员会将不懈努力,不负使命。

“我们知道假冒产品与其他非法应征税商品不仅剥夺了政府收入,还可能对消费者健康造成极大危害,甚至致死。”他如是说。

“安全的货物税印花会增加犯罪分子非法出售应征税商品的难度。”

“我们制定这一标准的初衷,就是帮助征税机构在印花领域做到最好,提高印花的安全性与受保护程度,进而保护商品和消费者权益。”

New standard for excise duty stamps helps keep illegal products off the market

They are a seal of approval that producers of consumer goods have paid their dues – and that the products are the real McCoy. Excise stamps not only ensure government revenues, they also help detect the illegal and counterfeit products that abound. A new standard for the security of tax stamps has just been published to make them more effective and protect the goods on which they are applied.

Alcohol and cigarettes are the most common items on which tax is levied, as governments aim to both raise revenues and deter the consumption of health-endangering products. But the range of taxes is on the rise as many countries are introducing new ones, such as the sugar tax on soft drinks, with the same objectives in mind. For this system to work effectively, tax stamps are required to demonstrate that the duty has been paid and that the product is legitimately available in the intended market.

However, where there is tax, there are always attempts at tax avoidance, breeding criminal activity that puts illicit and counterfeit products on the market, many of which may be harmful to the health of consumers. A foolproof tax stamp, however, is an effective way of literally stamping down on the problem.

ISO 22382, Security and resilience – Authenticity, integrity and trust for products and documents – Guidelines for the content, security, issuance and examination of excise tax stamps, is designed to help tax authorities improve compliance with regulations and establish an effective and efficient excise tax collection regime.

Ian Lancaster, Project Leader of the ISO technical committee that developed the standard, said tax stamps have the potential to make a very significant contribution to public health and government revenues, and thus it is essential they work as they should.

“We know that counterfeit and other illicit excisable goods not only deprive governments of tax revenues but can kill or cause serious health problems to consumers,” he said.

“A secure tax stamp makes it much more difficult for the criminals who target taxed products.

“Our aim in creating this standard is to help tax authorities to achieve the best in their tax stamps – to make them secure and well-protected so they, in turn, protect the goods on which they are applied and the public buying them.”

 


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