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ISO最新发布烹饪炉灶系列标准

发布时间: 2018-12-04 16:10:38  

污染炉灶和明火每年造成数百万人丧生。ISO刚刚发布的一项专门用于清洁和安全炉灶的新标准,旨在为行业发展提供一个宝贵平台。

每年约有400万人因使用污染炉灶而意外死亡,例如使用燃烧煤油或煤炭等固体燃料的炉灶1)。死因包括呼吸系统疾病、心脏病和中风,妇女和儿童在缺乏安全保障的环境中收集燃料也是死因之一。

为了尝试和解决这一问题,联合国基金会成立了全球清洁炉灶联盟(Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves),国际标准化组织(ISO)与该联盟合作制定了有助于推动市场安全和高效的烹饪解决方案的标准。

目前已发布了三项专门用于测试协议和实验测量程序的文件,用以评估在受控实验条件下炉灶的性能。其他进展也在有条不紊地推进。

ISO/TR 19867-3 清洁炉灶和清洁烹饪——统一实验测试协议——第3部分:基于实验测试的炉灶自愿性能指标技术报告,为小型家用炉灶提供了自愿性能指标。这是对ISO 19867-1的补充, ISO 19867-1清洁炉灶和清洁烹饪——统一实验测试协议——第1部分:排放与性

能、安全与耐用性的标准测试流程。这两个文件编入到ISO/TR 21276 清洁炉灶和清洁烹饪解决方案——词汇,这是今年早些时候发布的一份行业术语报告。

制定这项标准的ISO技术委员会主席,以及全球清洁炉灶联盟标准、技术和燃料部前主任Ranyee Chiang指出,最新制定的ISO 19867-3将提供衡量通用的炉灶潜在性能测试方法,并为实验测试结果提供解释。

Ranyee Chiang 说:“这些针对炉灶的自愿性能指标将促进家用能源与技术的国际贸易,以及推动技术质量和炉灶性能的改善”。

“通过这种方式,他们支持炉灶、燃料和其他清洁烹饪解决方案的行业发展。因此我们可以在影响数百万人和环境的重大问题上取得进步。”

ISO 19867-1、 ISO/TR 19867-3和ISO/TR 21276是由ISO/TC 285清洁炉灶和清洁能源解决方案技术委员会制定的,该技术委员会汇集了全球清洁炉灶和能源领域最顶尖的专家,具有测试、设计、业务和政策等方面的专业知识。

该委员会是由ISO的美国成员美国国家标准协会( ANSI)和ISO的肯尼亚成员肯尼亚标准局( KEBS)共同领导,其他发展中国家中与清洁炉灶相关的人员积极参与该委员会工作。

New standard in the cookstoves series just published

Polluting stoves and open fires kill millions every year. A new standard dedicated to clean and safe cookstoves has just been published, providing a valuable platform for the industry to grow.

Some four million people die prematurely each year thanks to polluting stoves using kerosene or solid fuels such as coal1). Respiratory diseases, heart disease and stroke are just some of the killers that result, not to mention the danger to women and children in less secure environments while gathering fuel.

To try and combat this, the United Nations Foundation launched the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, with whom ISO has been collaborating to develop standards that will help drive the market for safe and efficient cooking solutions.

The result, so far, is three documents dedicated to testing protocols and laboratory measurement procedures to assess the performance of cookstoves under controlled laboratory conditions, with others in development.

Technical report ISO/TR 19867-3, Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions – Harmonized laboratory test protocols – Part 3: Voluntary performance targets for cookstoves based on laboratory testing, provides voluntary performance targets for cookstoves used for small-scale household applications. It supplements ISO 19867-1, Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions – Harmonized laboratory test protocols – Part 1: Standard test sequence for emissions and performance, safety and durability. The two documents join ISO/TR 21276, Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions – Vocabulary, a technical report on terminology which was published earlier this year.

Ranyee Chiang, Chair of the ISO committee that developed the standards and former Director of Standards, Technology and Fuels at the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, said this latest addition, ISO 19867-3, will provide a common way of measuring the potential performance of cookstoves and how laboratory test results can be interpreted.

“These voluntary performance targets for cookstoves will thus facilitate international trade in household energy technologies and fuels, as well as driving improvements in technology quality and performance,” she said.

 “In this way, they support the development of the industry for cookstoves, fuels, and other clean cooking solutions, so we can make progress on this important issue that impacts millions of people and the environment.”

ISO 19867-1, ISO/TR 19867-3 and ISO/TR 21276 were developed by ISO technical committee ISO/TC 285, Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions, comprised of some of the world’s leading specialists from the clean cookstoves and fuels sector, with special expertise on testing, design, business and policy.

The committee is jointly led by ANSI, ISO’s member for the US, and KEBS, ISO’s member for Kenya, with a strong involvement from other developing countries for whom clean cookstoves are most relevant.


来源: ISO 官网

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