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IEC推动新兴技术和创新标准化

发布时间: 2019-05-05 11:26:53   审校:睿智  

随着第四次工业革命数字化转型的推进,许多行业正在快速发展。制定相关标准的挑战将更加复杂,需要考虑的问题比以前要更多。各行业必须快速提供并采用高度复杂的标准,同时还要保证其开放性。

此外,标准制定组织(SDO)开展更积极的合作将可避免工作重复,诸如国际标准化组织(ISO)、国际电工委员会(IEC)、国际电联电信标准化部门(ITU-T)、论坛和联盟,他们已经在包括云计算、大数据、人工智能、区块链等许多领域制定了类似的标准。

一、JETI的作用

2016年在挪威利勒哈默召开的IEC和ISO联合技术委员会(JTC 1)全体会议上,决定成立一个关于新兴技术和创新的联合咨询小组(JETI)。

JETI的任务是寻求机会,推动联合技术委员会(JTC)为未来的新兴和创新技术制定标准,其职权范围如下:

  • 评估应对不断变化的信息通信技术(ICT)业务需求的机会。
  • 评估技术机会,以确定需要立即采取行动的相关标准化问题和优先事项,以及JTC 1日后应该注意的潜在考虑事项。
  • 强调获取并纳入外部利益相关者的意见,例如垂直行业,包括金融服务、医疗保健或其他行业。
  • 通过JTC 1的分技术委员会(SC)和工作组(WG)的业务计划、模板和/或其他替代信息来源,监测其未来的考虑事项,以便通过适当的协调成功地制定标准和规划。
  • 向JTC 1提出行动建议。
  • 对JTC 1的规划程序(SD 4)进行复审,并提出适宜的修订建议。

二、JETI正在研究哪些技术?

在过去的一年里,JETI根据高德纳咨询公司(Gartner)、互联网数据中心(IDC)等研究公司最近的趋势分析,从更广泛的角度研究了新兴技术。JETI于2018年1月对JTC 1的专家开展了一项内部调查,确定了15个最优先的技术,如下:

1.  智能汽车

2.  自治系统

3.  机器人

4.  联网汽车

5.  数字孪生

6.  自主车辆

7.  量子计算

8.  增强数据发现

9.  虚拟助理

10.  脑机接口

11.  4D打印

12.  认知计算

13.  无人机

14.  智能工位

15.  神经形态硬件

三、目前正在筹备的规划是什么?

针对JETI确定的15项最优先技术,我们目前正在撰写我们认为需要深入分析的具体领域的技术趋势报告。

我们确定了以下四个方面:

(1) 数字双胞胎(Digital Twin)

(2)自主车辆(Autonomous Vehicle)

(3)  量子计算(Quantum Computing)

(4)  脑 - 计算机接口 ( Brain-Computer Interface)

考虑到更快的市场渗透和标准化发展,开源或开源软件是另一个重要的问题。与标准相比,开源的采用速度更快,更具灵活性,而且它本身也正在成为标准。因此,JTC 1将探讨开源软件,以及与开源社区之间的合作。JETI还准备了一个开源软件评估的战略计划,其中包括JTC 1将如何处理开源软件,以及它将如何与开源社区合作。

四、哪些人可以参与JETI?如何参与?

JETI向所有对未来新兴和创新技术感兴趣的JTC 1专家开放,包括分技术委员会(SC)主席和工作组/研究组(WG/SG)的召集人。

您可通过本国的分技术委员会办公处申请成为JETI成员。

五、如需更多信息,请联络:

JETI召集人Seungyun Lee先生,syl@etri.re.kr

JETI秘书KwanHoo Shin先生,kyleshin7@tta.or.k

 

Standardization for emerging technologies and innovations

 

Many industries are evolving rapidly as the digital transformation towards the fourth industrial revolution advances. The challenge to develop relevant standards will be more complicated with many more points to consider than previously.

Highly complex standards must be delivered and adopted quickly by industry while providing openness.

Additionally, more active cooperation will avoid overlapping work carried out by standards development organizations (SDOs), for instance ISO, IEC, ITU-T as well as fora and consortia, which have been developing similar standards for a number of areas, including Cloud Computing, Big Data, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Blockchain and others.

一、The role of JETI

During the IEC and ISO Joint Technical Committee (JTC 1) plenary in Lillehammer, Norway in 2016, it was decided to establish a Joint Advisory Group (JAG) Group on Emerging Technology and Innovation (JETI).

JETI is mandated to seek opportunities to facilitate JTC 1 standards development for future emerging and innovation technologies with following terms of reference (ToR):

  • Assess the opportunities addressing evolving ICT business needs.
  • Assess technology opportunities to identify the relevant standardization issues and priorities that warrant immediate action and those that JTC 1 should watch for potential consideration at a later date.
  • Emphasize reaching out and incorporating input from external stakeholders, such as verticals, including financial services, healthcare or others.
  • Monitor future considerations from JTC 1 subcommittees (SCs), working groups (WGs), through their business plans, dashboards, and/or other alternative information sources, in order to successfully develop standards and planning with the appropriate coordination.
  • Make recommendations on actions to JTC 1.
  • Review and make suggestions to revise JTC 1 planning process (SD 4) as appropriate.

二、Which technologies is JETI looking at?

Over the past year, JETI has looked at emerging technologies with a broader spectrum based on recent trend analysis from research firms such as Gartner, IDC and others. Through an internal survey to JTC 1 experts in January 2018, JETI identified 15 top priority technologies as follows:

  1. Smart car
  2. Autonomous systems
  3. Robotics
  4. Connected car
  5. Digital twin
  6. Autonomous vehicles
  7. Quantum computing
  8. Augmented data discovery
  9. Virtual assistance
  10. Brain-computer interface
  11. 4D printing
  12. Cognitive computing
  13. Drone
  14. Smart workspace
  15. Neuromorphic hardware

三、What is in the pipeline?

For the top 15 priority technologies identified by JETI, we are now developing the Technology Trend Report (TTR) in specific areas that we believe need in-depth analysis. We identified the following four:

Open source or open source software is another important issue when considering faster market penetration and proliferation of standards. Open source could offer faster adoption and flexibility than standards, and itself is becoming a standard. For this reason, JTC 1 will treat open source software and how it will cooperate with the open source community as well. JETI is also preparing a strategic plan for open source software assessment which will cover how JTC 1 will treat open source software and how it will cooperate with the open source community.

四、Who and how can people get involved with JETI?

JETI is open to all JTC 1 experts, including SC Chair(s) and WG/SG Convenor(s), who are interested in future emerging and innovative technologies.

Apply to be a JETI member through your national body office.

For more information, contact:

JETI Convenor,  Mr Seungyun Lee, syl@etri.re.kr

JETI Secretary, Mr KwanHoo Shin, kyleshin7@tta.or.k

 


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