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IEC制定重要信息技术标准

发布时间: 2019-05-05 10:33:09   审校:睿智  

如今,许多日常工作、商业运营活动和关键基础设施管理等许多工作都离不开智能技术。

随着各行业数字化程度日益提高,物联网(IoT)与互联互通,不断发展的人工智能(AI)技术(如计算机算法和机器学习)已使得各行业大大精简其运营流程,提高效率并降低成本。

一、利用标准化促进创新

IEC和ISO通过其联合技术委员会(ISO/IEC JTC 1)为商业和消费者应用制定信息和通信技术(ICT)国际标准,。

一些实例包括在零售和供应链管理中使用的RFID标签的自动识别和数据采集(AIDC)技术;还包括进出大楼、使用智能设备所需的生物识别、智能卡片及个人身份认证技术。范围还包括,人工智能(AI)、云计算、音频,图片编码、多媒体和超媒体信息、数据管理和数据交换、物联网、IT安全、编程语言和系统软件接口、虚拟现实等技术都在其列。

二、保持领先地位

技术正在改变我们的生活方式、商业模式,监控我们的健康状况、管理我们的交流方式。仅二十年,智能设备、电子邮件、互联网和社交媒体就已经大大取代了以前沟通方式。

现在,工厂日益自动化,汽车制造商正在研发自动驾驶的汽车,算法已经能够在健康问题暴露之前做出预诊,在未来,还会有怎样的科技涌现?十年之后,我们的生活将变成什么样子?

三、瞄准科技前沿

在这样的大背景下,2016年成立了新兴科技和创新(JETI)联合顾问小组(JAG),旨在为JTC 1发现机遇、提出建议,以推动未来新兴创新技术标准的制定。

为了解最新工作进展和动向,e-tech采访了JETI召集人李成延(Seungyun Lee)先生。

四、当前正在开发的高新科技有哪些?

2018年, JETI团队调研完成之后,整理了一张共列出高新科技15项的清单,。目前,排在前五的是:

  • 量子计算、自动驾驶富数据车辆。针对这两项技术,JTC 1听取了JETI的建议,建立了新的研究小组。
  • 自动化系统。围绕这一技术,JTC 1物联网和人工智能技术委员会已开展工作。
  • 数字孪生和脑-机接口。围绕这两项技术,我们正在撰写科技趋势报告,以开启后续的调查、分析等工作。

五、技术不会停步不前。在前15的技术以外,是否有更多新技术涌现?

在2018年的调研中,确定了32项新技术。它们是由诸如高德纳(Gartner)公司、国际数据(IDC)公司和福雷斯特研究所(Forest Research)等其他专业技术预测组织选出。

这份列表很冗长,因此我们必须决定亟待关注的领域,可能的话,需精简一些相互交叉的领域。一些示例包括:

  • 增强数据查找
  • 虚拟助手
  • 区块链
  • 智慧农场/智慧农业
  • 机器学习
  • 智能微尘
  • 边缘计算

六、面临着哪些挑战?

随着信息和通信技术(ICT)的采用继续在各行各业的迅速传播,ICT标准的作用和责任就变得更加重要。

随着基于ICT的行业集群不断发展壮大,标准化的方法需要与现有其他工作方法区分开来,以确保各整合行业、生态系统都纳入考虑的范畴。

目前, ISO,IEC和JTC 1正在采用标准的系统方法来支持上述观点。我们希望,使用的系统方法变得更加复杂、更为关键。因此,我们(JETI)要考虑如何做好准备,迎接未来新兴科技,采取最佳方法,为以后的ICT标准提供支持。

 

Standards for key information technologies

 

For many today, smart technologies facilitate carrying out daily activities, business operations, the management of critical infrastructures and more

The Internet of Things (IoT), increased connectivity and advances in artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, such as algorithms and machine learning are enabling industries to streamline processes, improve efficiency and reduce costs as they become more digitized.

一、Advancing innovation through standardization

IEC and ISO develop international standards for information and communication technologies (ICT) for business and consumer applications, through their joint technical committee (ISO/IEC JTC 1).

Some examples include automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques for RFID tags used in retail and supply chain management; biometrics, cards and personal identification, for accessing buildings and smart devices. The scope also covers AI, cloud computing, coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information, data management and exchange, IoT, IT security techniques, programming languages and system software interfaces, virtual reality and more.

二、Staying ahead of the game

Technologies are changing how we live, do business, monitor our health and communicate. In just over two decades, smart devices, email, Internet and social media have largely replaced former communications channels.

Factories are more automated, car manufacturers are developing self-driving vehicles, while algorithms can already predict health problems before they develop, so what about the future? How will life be in another 10 years?

三、Keeping an eye on the horizon

Against this backdrop, the Joint Advisory Group (JAG) on Emerging Technology and Innovation (JETI) was established in 2016, in order to find and recommend opportunities to JTC 1 to facilitate standards development for future emerging and innovation technologies.

e-tech caught up with Seungyun Lee, JETI Convenor, to hear about the latest work and activities.

四、What are the top technologies you are currently working on?

We established a list of 15 top technologies following a JETI group survey in 2018. Right now the top five include:

  • Quantum computing and autonomous and data rich vehicles, for which JTC 1 has created new study groups following JETI recommendations.
  • Autonomous systems, which is being worked on in JTC 1 technical committees for IoT and AI.
  • Digital twin and brain-computer interface for which we are developing technology trend reports as an initial investigation and analysis process.

Technology doesn’t stand still. Are there new topics in addition to the top 15?

During the 2018 survey, 32 technologies were identified. These were gathered from many other professional technology forecasting organizations, such as Gartner, IDC and Forest Research.

The list is broad, so we will have to decide which areas need urgent attention and see how we can streamline overlapping topics where possible. Some examples include:

  • augmented data discovery
  • virtual assistance
  • blockchain
  • smart farm/agriculture
  • machine learning
  • smart dust
  • edge computing

Are there any challenges?

As long as the adoption of ICT technologies continues to spread rapidly into all industries, the role and responsibilities of ICT standards will become more important.

As the ICT-based convergence of industry expands, the approach to standardization needs to be differentiated from existing approaches to make sure we consider the various converged industries and eco-systems as well.

At the moment, ISO, IEC and JTC 1 are using a systems approach to standards to support this. We expect the systems approach could become more complex and critical and in this sense, we (JETI) will need to consider how we could improve planning for future emerging technology and what the best methodology to support future ICT standards would be.

 


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