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IEC/ISO联合技术委员会新修订的机读护照测试指南近日颁布

发布时间: 2018-08-28 09:07:55   审校:睿智  

机读护照可实现更快速、更准确的处理流程

自从笨拙的手写书籍和漫长的移民排队出现以来,护照已走过了漫长的发展道路。 如今,这项技术非常灵活,其安全性也非常严格,因此确保机读护照能自始至终有效工作是一项严格的程序。为了实现这一目标,国际电工技术委员会(IEC)和国际标准化组织(ISO)对国际认可的测试方法指南进行了更新。

机读护照(MRP)意味着更快的处理速度和更准确的移民数据库和观察名单匹配。正是基于这样的优点,现在大多数护照都属于这一类别。

为确保符合国际监管要求,机读护照都根据国际民用航空组织(ICAO))9303号文件被进行了标准化。

用于测试这些机读护照耐久性的IEC和ISO标准是ICAO文件的官方配套标准,确定了护照符合要求所需的相关内容。该标准刚刚更新,将更加稳健,更适合当今全球化的世界。

ISO/IEC 18745-1:2018,,机读旅行证件(MRTD)和相关设备的试验方法 - 第1部分:护照簿的物理试验方法(耐久性),现取代国际民航组织(ICAO)的耐久性技术报告,规定最低标准,从而达到国际民航组织(ICAO)要求。

制定该项标准的工作组召集人汤姆·金耐基(Tom Kinneging)表示,此项标准十分关键,不仅是因为要满足法律要求,更要确保MRP能够经受起考验。

他说,“对于机读护照持有者来说,只有在护照不会坏或随着时间的推移而失去其可读性时,才是真正有效的。该标准提供了有效测试的详细信息,因此可以评估其可行寿命,进而设计人员才能开发出持久耐用的护照”。

ISO / IEC 18745-1是由ISO/IEC第一联合技术委员会用于个人识别卡和安全设备的第17分技术委员会第3工作组制定的(ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17)。

关于 IEC

 IEC (国际电工委员会) 是世界领先的组织,为所有电气电子设备及系统编写和出版全球国际标准。它汇集了171个国家;其中85个是成员国 (国家委员会), 86个是附属机构——受益于 IEC 工作而无需承担成员义务的发展中国家。

它们共同代表了世界上99% 以上的人口和用电人群。20000多名专家在IEC 平这一国际平台上进行合作,还有更多人在各个成员国中从事研究。

它们确保产品在任何地方安全有效地相互作用。IEC还支持所有形式的合格评定,并管理四个合格评定系统,该系统用于确定家庭、办公室、医疗设施、公共场所、运输、制造、爆炸性环境和能源生产过程中使用的组件、设备和系统都符合要求。

IEC工作涉及广泛的技术:发电(包括所有可再生能源)、输电、配电、智能电网和智能城市、电池、家用电器、办公和医疗设备、所有公共和私人运输、半导体、光纤、纳米技术、多媒体、信息技术等。它还涉及安全性、EMC(电磁兼容性)、性能和环境等方面。

 

Newly improved guidelines for testing machine-readable passports just out

 

Machine readable passports enable faster more accurate processing

– Passports have come a long way since the days of clunky hand-written books and long(er) immigration queues. These days, the technology is as slick as the security is strict. Ensuring machine-readable passports work effectively and last their lifetime is therefore a rigorous procedure. IEC and ISO internationally recognized test-method guidelines have just been updated to do just that.

Machine-readable passports (MRPs) mean faster processing and more accurate matching against immigration databases and watch lists, which is why most passports these days fall into that category.

To ensure they meet international regulatory requirements, they are standardized against the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Document 9303.

The IEC and ISO Standard for testing the durability of these MRPs is an official companion to the ICAO document, defining what is necessary for passports to be compliant. It has just been updated to make it even more robust and fit for today’s globalized world.

ISO/IEC 18745-1:2018, Test methods for machine readable travel documents (MRTD) and associated devices – Part 1: Physical test methods for passport books (durability), now replaces the ICAO technical report for durability, specifying the minimum criteria to be achieved in order to meet ICAO’s expectations.

Tom Kinneging, Convener of the working group that developed the Standard said it is essential not just to meet legal requirements but to ensure MRPs withstand the stresses it can be placed under.

“Having a MRP is only useful if it doesn’t fall apart or lose its readability over time. This standard gives details for effective testing so their feasible lifespan can be assessed, and they can thus be built to last”, he said.

ISO/IEC 18745-1 was developed and updated by Working Group 3 Machine readable travel documents, which is part of IEC and ISO joint technical committee for cards and security devices for personal identification (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17).

About IEC

The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is the world’s leading organization that prepares and publishes globally relevant International Standards for all electric and electronic devices and systems. It brings together 171 countries; 85 are Members (National Committees) and 86 are Affiliates, developing countries that benefit from IEC work without the burden of membership.

Together they represent more than 99% of the world population and world electricity generation. More than 20 000 experts cooperate on the global IEC platform and many more in each member country.

They ensure that products work everywhere safely and efficiently with each other. The IEC also supports all forms of conformity assessment and administers four Conformity Assessment Systems that certify that components, equipment and systems used in homes, offices, healthcare facilities, public spaces, transportation, manufacturing, explosive environments and during energy generation conform to them.

IEC work covers a vast range of technologies: power generation (including all renewable energy sources), transmission, distribution, Smart Grid & Smart Cities, batteries, home appliances, office and medical equipment, all public and private transportation, semiconductors, fibre optics, nanotechnology, multimedia, information technology, and more. It also addresses safety, EMC, performance and the environment.


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