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制定以人为中心的智慧城市标准

发布时间: 2018-01-31 10:28:11   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:http://www.iec.ch/newslog/2017/nr2017.htm  

制定以市民为中心,提供真正价值的智慧城市标准是未来成功的关键。

2017年11月24日

瑞士日内瓦,2017年11月24日——作为智慧城市博览世界大会的一部分,在巴塞罗那Fira举行的世界智慧城市论坛的专家们认为,制定以人为中心并且提供真正价值的智慧城市标准是未来成功的关键。

论坛开幕式上,西班牙信息社会和数字议程大臣何塞·玛丽亚·拉萨尔·鲁伊斯(José María Lassalle Ruiz)强调了将人的需求置于未来城市发展中心的重要性。

“有人认为,数据和算法很快会管理现代世界,但是它们必须被用来打击我们城镇的不平等和贫困。今天,我们必须着力于平衡人与环境的关系。”鲁伊斯说,“我们这一代人有责任把握技术发展方向,进步的目标绝不是缺乏远见或自私自利。如果有一天,数字中断了,必然是社

会和道德使然,市民将得益于数据和算法的反馈。”

其他许多小组成员和发言者都强调了以市民为中心的城市发展,并讨论了如何以合乎道德的方式将公民的数字足迹用于改善城市日常生活质量,例如通过更智能化的公共交通系统或更多高效的能源使用等。  

以市民为中心的还有联合国人居署欧洲首席代表保利乌斯·库利考斯卡斯(Paulius Kulikauskas),他强调把握这个方向就能确保因地制宜、精心谋划的城化市进程成为可持续发展的关键推动力。当天讨论的重点中,城市发展正在成为核心议题,占据越来越多的比重,库利卡

斯卡斯表示非常欣慰,说明城市发展已几乎涉及现代生活的方方面面。

“十年或二十年前,联合国就关于城市问题和城市化的讨论都是在一个大而空的背景下开展的。有时,我们人居署根本摸不着边际。不过,过去的五六年里,这个游戏已经彻底被改变,如今每个机构都会参与到这场讨论中。不管你是在谈论移民、健康、社会流动性,你都离不开

城市。我们非常高兴,因为讨论终于牵涉到各个利益相关方了。” 

库利考斯卡斯补充说,技术和标准是工具,能使公民社会和私营机构以和谐的方式连接合作,共同应对挑战,发现城市潜力。

大伦敦政府情报分析署助理署长安德鲁·科林格(Andrew Collinge)也认同这一观点,并提及监测改善伦敦空气质量的工作。科林格强调,除了支持鼓励与行业团体合作外,标准还能够帮助平衡城市和市民的需求。 

他还强调了标准在支持协作和资源共享方面的作用。荷兰海牙市信息主管马赖恩·弗拉安耶(Marijn Fraanje)谈到了网络攻击可能对全球航运业造成毁灭性后果。弗拉安耶引用了荷兰的一个项目,荷兰五大城市就不同方面分别建设了智慧城市,然后一同分享研究成果和资源,

而网络安全是海牙市的重点。国内和国际不同城市间的资源共享都依赖具有互通性的解决方案和标准。 

此次论坛其他重要内容包括,明确让更多城市和城市领导参与到标准制定的重要性,以确保研讨出来的解决方案能真实反映现实情况。为此,与会者强调要把早期参与的城市纳入讨论中,进一步明确标准的价值所在,确保利益相关方明晰标准的制定过程。

在ISO的牵头下,这届世界智慧城市论坛由IEC(国际电工委员会)、ISO(国际标准化组织)和ITU(国际电信联盟)联合组织,是世界智慧城市伙伴关系的一部分。论坛汇聚了城市、标准制定组织、行业组织和投资者的代表,一同探讨城市正在面临的主要挑战,以及国际标准

能从哪些方面帮助解决问题。

 

Keeping people at the centre of smart city initiatives

Developing smart city solutions that are citizen-centric and offer real value will be key to future success

11/24/2017

Geneva, Switzerland, 24 November 2017 – Developing smart city solutions that are citizen-centric and offer real value will be key to future success, according to experts at the World Smart City Forum held at Fira de Barcelona as part of the Smart City Expo World

Congress.

Opening the Forum, Spain’s Secretary of State for the Information Society and Digital Agenda, José María Lassalle Ruiz, highlighted the importance of putting people’s needs at the centre of future urban development.

“Some believe that data and algorithms will soon be managing the contemporary world, but they must be used to combat inequality and poverty in our towns and cities. Today, our efforts must be focused on reconciling man and his environment,” he said. Ruiz added

that: “It is incumbent on our generation to ensure that technological progress is not subject to short-sighted or self-serving goals. If there is to be digital disruption, it must be social and ethical, with citizens profiting from the feedback of data and algorithms, not the other

way around.”

Citizen-centric urban development was underlined by many other panellists and speakers during the day, with discussions touching upon how citizens’ digital footprint can be used in an ethical way to improve everyday life in cities, for example through more intelligent

public transport systems or more efficient energy use. 

Putting citizens at the centre was also something highlighted by UN-Habitat’s Acting Chief of Office for Europe and European Institutions, Paulius Kulikauskas, who emphasized this opportunity to ensure that proper and well-organized urbanization is a key driver of

sustainable development. He also welcomed the fact that urban development is now taking centre stage in many of today’s most important discussions, illustrating how it touches almost all aspects of modern life.

“Ten or twenty years ago, any discussion of urban issues and urbanization in the context of the United Nations was happening in a rather empty room. We, as UN-Habitat, at times felt rather alone. The last five or six years have changed the game completely, and now

every institution is involved in this discussion. If you speak about migration, you also speak about cities; if you are talking about health, you also speak about cities; and if you speak of mobility, you will be talking about cities. The discussion has finally reached different

stakeholders, which we are very happy about.”

Kulikauskas added that technology and standards are some of the instruments that can enable civil society and the private sector to connect and work together in an integrated manner to address challenges and identify cities’ potential.

This view was also echoed by panellist Andrew Collinge, Assistant Director, Intelligence and Analysis, at the Greater London Authority, who spoke about work to measure and improve air quality in the capital. Collinge underlined that standards can help balance the

needs of cities and citizens in addition to supporting collaboration with industry groups.

The role of standards in supporting collaboration and the sharing of resources was also highlighted. Marijn Fraanje, CIO for the Municipality of The Hague, spoke of the devastating consequences cyber-attacks can have on the global shipping industry. Fraanje

referenced a project in the Netherlands where the country’s five biggest cities focus on different aspects of a smart city and then share findings and resources, with The Hague looking at cyber security. Sharing resources in this way, both in a national context and

between cities of different countries, relies on the use of interoperable solutions and standards.

Other key takeaways from the event included the importance of getting more cities and city leaders involved in standards development to ensure the solutions developed truly reflect their particular circumstances. For this to work well, participants highlighted the need to

engage cities early in the process, make the value of standards to cities clearer and ensure the standards development process is accessible to this group of stakeholders.

The World Smart City Forum was organized by the IEC, ISO and ITU, this year under the leadership of ISO, and is part of the World Smart City partnership. It brought together representatives of cities, standards development organizations, industry groups and investors

to explore some of the major challenges cities face today and how international standards can help solve them.

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