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关于新燃料标识欧洲标准

发布时间: 2018-11-16 15:09:29   审校:睿智  

欧洲的司机们即将面对变革。10月12日,新的标签将正式生效,以明确表明机动车燃料的不同类型。为了有助于实施欧盟2014/94/EU指令,CEN设计了这些新的标识,其目的是协调单一市场中燃料信息的提供方式。这是标准如何对日常生活产积极影响,以及标准如何为实施立法做出贡献的典型代表案例。

一、新的统一标签

10月12日,在欧洲各国的加油站上将出现新的统一标识。这些标识将显示在加油机和加油点上、首次投放市场的车辆上、机动车经销商和消费者手册中。但不要求在已使用中的车辆上使用这些标识。

新的标签由一个几何图形及一个字母和数字组成,从现在起,这些标签与各类型的燃料相关联:圆圈内包含E5、E10或E85(表示生物燃料含量)的代表汽油;方框内包含B7、B10或XTL等的代表柴油;而H2(氢气)、CNG(压缩天然气)、LPG(液化石油气)和LNG(液化天然气)代表不同的气体燃料。

您可以在CEN网站上找到标识列表并给予参考。但请注意,其准确的图案在各成员国可能会有些微差异。

二、标准支持欧洲法规的执行

新的标识是根据EN 16942:2016燃料 – 车辆兼容性识别 – 消费者信息的图形表示定义,并由CEN在2016年发布。该项标准是由CEN 441“燃料标识”技术委员会制定(其秘书处由荷兰标准化协会(NEN)承担),并与委员会服务及社会上的利益相关方合作,基于广泛的共识,制定了这一标准,旨在确保大多数人使用时的最大便利。

由于市场上液体和气体燃料的数量和种类不断增加,因此必须建立统一的标识,因而制定了这套标准。为了满足用户对市场上车辆的信息需求,它提出了相关的补充要求。

EN 16942标准是依据欧盟委员会2015年提出的要求,以实施关于替代燃料基础设施的部署的2014/94/EU指令,这就意味着其满足第7条规定,该规定要求成员国向消费者提供关于车辆与市场中燃料兼容性的相关、一致、明确信息。

与所有协调标准一样,EN 16942通过提供技术规范支持欧洲立法的实施。但是,法规的实施和监管规则仍然由欧盟委员会负责。

三、下一步:电动车

欧洲标准化对市场的发展持开放态度。因此,另一个CEN技术委员会CEN/TC 301“道路车辆”目前正在制定一套专用标准,用来规定电动汽车的电源标识:EN 17186:2019《车辆与基础设施兼容性的确定 – 电动汽车电源上的消费者信息图形表示》。新的标准预计会在2019年2月初发布。

与EN 16942一样,新的欧洲标准将规定协调后的标识。该项标准支持欧盟成员国实施2014/94/EU指令第7条。其使用的方法与EN 16942:2016一致。针对单个市场中电动汽车的新电动汽车和充电站的新标签将于2021年2月完成部署。

New fuel labels – European standards at work!  

A change is on the way for European drivers. On 12 October, new labels will be introduced to clearly indicate the different typologies of fuel for motor vehicles. These new signs, established by CEN to help the implementation of EU Directive 2014/94/EU, aim to harmonize the way information on fuels is provided across the Single Market. They represent an excellent case study on how standards have a positive impact on daily life and how they contribute to implementing legislation.

New harmonised labels

On 12 October across Europe, new harmonized symbols will appear in gas stations. The identifiers will be displayed at dispensers and refuelling points, on vehicles placed on the market for the first time, in motor vehicle dealerships and in consumer manuals. The application of the symbols for vehicles already in circulation is not expected.

According to the new labelling, a geometrical figure accompanied by a letter and a number is from now on associated to each type of fuel: gasoline will be represented by a circle with E5, E10 or E85 inside (which is linked to the content of biofuel); diesel is indicated by a square with ,for instance, B7, B10 or XTL; and the different gaseous fuels will be signalled by a diamond containing H2 for hydrogen, CNG for compressed natural gas, LPG for liquefied petroleum gas and LNG for liquefied natural gas.

For information purposes, you can find a list of the labels on the CEN website. However, please note that their exact visualization could vary slightly from Member State to Member State.

Standards support the implementation of European legislation

The new labels have been defined by EN 16942:2016 'Fuels - Identification of vehicle compatibility - Graphical expression for consumer information’, which was published by CEN in 2016. The standard was developed by the CEN Technical Committee 441 ‘Fuel labelling’, whose Secretariat is held by the Dutch Standardization Institute (NEN), in cooperation with Commission services and societal stakeholders, and is based on a broad consensus, aiming to ensure the easiest possible use by the highest number of people.

The purpose of the standard is to lay down harmonized identifiers for marketed liquid and gaseous fuels due to their increasing number and complexity. It sets requirements to complement information needs of users regarding vehicles that are placed on the market.

Standard EN 16942 is based on a request from the European Commission in 2015 in order to implement Directive 2014/94/EU "on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure". In particular, it meets the requirements set in  article 7, which requires Member States to ensure that relevant, consistent and clear information is provided to consumers on the compatibility of their vehicles with the fuels placed on the market.

Like all harmonized standards, EN 16942 supports the implementation of European legislation by providing technical specifications. However, the rules on implementation and monitoring of the legislation remain fully in the hands of the European Commission. 

The next step: electric cars

European standardization is open to evolutions in the market. For this reason, another CEN Technical Committee, CEN/TC 301 ‘Road Vehicles’, is currently working on a standard dedicated to establishing labels for electric vehicle power supplies: EN 17186:2019 'Identification of vehicles and infrastructures compatibility - Graphical expression for consumer information on EV power supply’. The new standard is expected to be made available in early February 2019.

Like EN 16942, the new European Standard will lay down harmonized identifiers. It supports the effective implementation of Article 7 of Directive 2014/94/EU by EU Member States.


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