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欧洲地平线”标准化的作用 —欧盟委员会新提出的研究与创新框架计划

发布时间: 2018-07-04 11:06:06   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:https://www.cencenelec.eu/news/brief_news/Pages/TN-2018-033.aspx  

今天,欧盟委员会提交了关于下一个“欧洲地平线”(Horizon Europe)研究与创新框架计划(FP9)[COM(2018)435]。欧洲标准化委员会(CEN)和欧洲电工标准化委员会(CENELEC)欢迎接纳这项雄心勃勃的提案,该提案对欧盟工业的全球竞争力起着至关重要的作用,并承认标准化(第2条)是传播和采用研究和创新活动的关键工具。

欧洲地平线是在拟议多年的欧盟多年度财政框架(MFF)背景下制定的,即欧盟未来7年的预算,成为必须履行的欧盟2020年后的优先事项。“欧洲地平线”计划旨在传播欧洲的卓越成果,建立以知识和创新为基础的社会,提升欧盟工业竞争力,并通过加强跨部门合作来加强欧盟战略政策优先事项的落实。它将于2021年1月1日生效,为期7年,取代目前的“地平线2020计划(2014-2020)”[COM(2011) 808]。

一、我们对欧洲研究和创新项目的贡献

欧洲标准化是实现“欧洲地平线”目标的关键工具,确保欧洲和全球市场有效地利用和吸纳创新。

标准化对欧盟研究和创新框架计划(FP)的贡献可追溯到90年代初期的FP4(“标准、测量和测试子计划(SMT)”)和FP5。在其后的框架计划中,标准化成为了支持所有相关研究领域的横向支持工具。

2008年,欧盟理事会发表了关于“标准化与创新”结论,正式承认“标准化可以为开发创新和竞争力作出重要贡献,能够有利于公司和产品进入市场,实现新产品、现有产品、服务和流程之间的互联,加强消费者对创新和研究成果的信心”。

FP6、FP7和最近公布的“地平线2020”计划的实践经验表明,研究和创新项目中成功整合的标准化活动,产生了具有市场影响力的结果,并且远播在欧洲乃至全球市场。在“地平线2020”中,CEN和CENELEC的成员参与了50多个研究项目

二、欧洲标准化和欧洲地平线

在新的研究框架下,标准化将在三大支柱中发挥关键作用:

1.“开放科学”支柱:

在这个支柱的 “MarieSkłodowska-Curie(玛丽·居里计划)”(MSCA)中,CEN和CENELEC可以通过“标准化教育”为研究和创新提供高技术水平和灵活的人力资本基础,为研究人员提供支持,提高他们的创业、数字和创新技能。

2.“全球挑战与产业竞争力”支柱:

标准化是可持续经济增长和产业竞争力的关键驱动力之一。为了解决我们面临的全球挑战(全球变暖、安全社会、清洁能源等),CEN和CENELEC已经开始开始研究欧盟委员会在“欧洲地平线”上确定的所有5个优先事项:

健康

l  包容和安全社会

数字和行业

气候能源人口流动

食物和自然资源

3.“开放创新”支柱

通过这一支柱,欧盟委员会希望应对新一波基于“深科技”技术的全球突破性创新浪潮,如区块链、人工智能、机器人等技术将深深影响传统行业,如制造业、金融服务业、运输业和能源业。欧洲和国际标准化工作已经着手解决这些挑战,例如:支持欧盟行业优先,与环境目标、身份管理、系统互联、安全与(网络)安保的相互联通。

三、CENCENELEC对“欧洲地平线”的承诺

CEN和CENELEC将全力支持未来的“欧洲地平线”计划。CEN和CENELEC仍然决心加强标准化、创新、研究三者之间的联系,并准备与欧盟委员会、欧洲研究领域和欧洲创新联盟中的其他主要行动者合作,提出一个长期框架计划,将适当的研究成果与创新和标准化连接起来。

CEN和CENELEC也欢迎拟建立的“欧洲创新委员会”(EIC),该委员会将“在研究、商业化和公司规模扩大之间搭建起‘死亡之谷’的桥梁”,并期待与EIC一起探讨标准化能够如何有效地为这些目标作出贡献。

此外,与国际标准化组织(ISO)和国际电工委员会(IEC)的合作,促使欧洲和国际标准高度一致性。CEN和CENELEC将推动全球吸收欧洲的创新,从而支撑“欧洲地平线”雄心勃勃的目标:“使欧洲成为研究和创新领域的世界级领导者”(副主席,Jyrki KATAINEN同时担任欧盟委员会副主席,负责工作、增长、投资和竞争力等工作)。

CEN和CENELEC期待携手莫达斯(Moedas)委员和欧盟委员会共同努力,“保持欧盟在全球研究和创新的领先地位”,取得“地平线2020”计划的成功,并利用标准化带来的好处,“真正改善公民和整个社会的生活”。

 

The role of standardization in Horizon Europe - the European Commission’s newly proposed Framework Programme for Research and Innovation 

Today, the European Commission presented the communication [COM(2018) 435)] on the next Framework Programme on Research and Innovation ‘Horizon Europe’ (FP9). CEN and CENELEC welcome this ambitious proposal, which is crucial for the global competitiveness of EU industry, and recognizes standardization (Article 2) as a key tool for the dissemination and exploitation of research and innovation activities.

Horizon Europe comes in the context of the proposed Multi-Annual Financial Framework (MFF), i.e. the EU budget for the next 7 years that will have to deliver on EU post-2020 priorities.
The proposed Horizon Europe programme is designed to spread excellence in Europe, build a society based on knowledge and innovation, foster EU industry’s competitiveness and to enhance the delivery of EU’s strategic policy priorities through an increased collaboration across sectors. It will enter into force on 1 January 2021 for a period of 7 years, replacing the current Horizon 2020 programme (2014-2020)[COM(2011) 808].

Our contribution in European research and innovation projects

European standardization is a key tool to deliver Horizon Europe objectives, ensuring the deployment and uptake of innovation by European and global markets.

The contribution of standardization to Framework Programmes (FP) for Research and Innovation of the European Union dates back to the early nineties under FP4 (the Standards, Measurement and Testing Subprogram (SMT)) and FP5. In later Framework Programmes, standardization became a horizontal support tool relevant across all research areas.

In 2008, the European Council Conclusions on ‘standardisation and innovation’ formally recognized “the essential contribution which standardisation can make towards developing innovation and competitiveness, by facilitating access to markets, enabling interoperability between new and existing products, services and processes, enhancing protection of users, giving consumers confidence in innovations and disseminating research results”.

Our experience with FP6, FP7 and more recently with Horizon2020 projects has shown that the successful integration of standardization activities in research and innovation projects leads to impactful market results, which are widely disseminated on the European as well as global markets. Under Horizon 2020, CEN and CENELEC Members took part in more than 50 research projects.

European Standardization and Horizon Europe

Standardization will play a key role in each of the three proposed pillars under the new research framework :

1. The ‘Open Science’ pillar: 
In the context of the ‘Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions’ (MSCA) component of this pillar, CEN and CENELEC can contribute to a highly-skilled and resilient human capital base in research and innovation through our ‘Education about standardization’ activities, supporting researchers in enhancing their entrepreneurial, digital and innovative skills.

2. The ‘Global Challenges and Industrial Competitiveness’ pillar: 
Standardization is one of the key drivers of sustainable economic growth and industrial competiveness. In order to address the global challenges ahead of us (global warming, secure societies, clean energy, etc.), CEN and CENELEC already work on all the 5 priorities (‘clusters’) identified by the European Commission in Horizon Europe,:

·         Health

·         Inclusive and Secure Society

·         Digital and industry

·         ClimateEnergy and Mobility

·         Food and Natural Resources

3. The ‘Open Innovation’ Pillar
Through this pillar, the European Commission wishes to tackle the new global wave of breakthrough innovation based on “deep-tech” technologies such as block-chain, artificial intelligence, robotics and other technologies, which impact traditional sectors like manufacturing, financial services, transport or energy. European and international standardization work is already addressing these challenges such as: support to EU’s industrial priorities and environmental goals, identity management, interoperability between systems, as well as the interconnection between safety and (cyber)security.

CEN and CENELEC commitment to Horizon Europe

CEN and CENELEC are fully committed to supporting the future Horizon Europe programme. We remain determined to reinforce the links between standardization, innovation and research, and are ready to collaborate with the European Commission and other main actors in the European Research Area and the European Innovation Union to provide a long-term framework to link appropriate research results and innovation with standardization.

We also welcome the proposed creation of a ‘European Innovation’ Council (EIC) that will “bridge the ‘valley of death’ between research, commercialisation and the scaling-up of companies” and look forward to explore with the EIC how standardization can effectively contribute to these aims.

Moreover, through our partnerships with the International Standardization Organization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), which promote the high-level convergence between European and International Standards, we facilitate the global uptake of European innovations, thus contributing to the Horizon Europe ambition to “making Europe a world-class leader in research and innovation” (Vice-President Jyrki KATAINEN Vice-President of the EC in charge of Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness).

We look forward to working together with Commissioner Moedas and the European Commission services to “keep the EU at the forefront of global research and innovation”, to build on Horizon 2020 success, and exploit the benefits of standardization to make “a real difference in the lives of citizens and society as a whole.”

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