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道德标准使新技术进入市场并评估其影响

发布时间: 2017-11-24 16:29:41   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:https://www.cencenelec.eu/news/brief_news/Pages/TN-2017-037.aspx  

由于科学研究的复杂性和新兴技术对人们日常生活的影响,开展科学研究和技术开发是按照道德标准进行的,这是极其重要的。

标准能帮助我们生产并引进新技术,并向将其投入市场,也能适当评估新技术对环境和社会的影响。

在与数以百计的利益相关者进行了深入调查、广泛协商和相互学习之后, 2017年6月出版了SATORI CEN研讨会协议(CWA 17145)研究与创新的伦理评估,可以在SATORI网站上免费下载。

CWA 17145由两部分组成:

第一部分“道德委员会”,包含道德评价的核心建议以及道德委员会的组成和运作。

第二部分包含了道德影响评价框架,这是对研究和创新所带来的社会和环境后果进行预测和伦理评估的新方法,包括道德评价、影响评价和技术评价。

该研讨会协议是由荷兰标准化协会(NEN)和丹麦标准协会(DS)与EU SATORI研究和创新项目合作伙伴共同制定。SATORI最终会议“研究与创新的道德评价: 展望未来”于2017年9月18日至19日在布鲁塞尔举行。

 

High ethical standards enable new technologies to enter markets and assess their impact

 

Due to the complexity of scientific research and the impact that emerging technologies have on people’s daily lives, it is of tremendous importance that scientific research and technology development is conducted in accordance with high ethical standards.

Standards help us to produce and introduce new technologies to the market as well as to properly assess their impact on environment and society.

As a result of extensive investigations, broad consultation and mutual learning processes with hundreds of stakeholders, the SATORI CEN Workshop Agreement (CWA 17145) on “Ethics Assessment of research and innovation” was published in June 2017 and it can be freely downloaded from the website of the SATORI project.

CWA 17145 consists of two parts:

Part 1 “Ethics Committee”, which contains core recommendations on ethics assessment and the composition and operations of ethics committees.

Part 2, which contains an additional ethical impact assessment framework, which is a novel approach for anticipating and ethically assessing social & environmental consequences of research and innovation. It combines ethics assessment, impact assessment and technology assessment.

This workshop agreement has been developed by the Netherlands Standardization Institute (NEN) and Danish Standards (DS), in collaboration with partners in the Research and Innovation EU SATORI project. The final SATORI Conference ‘Ethics assessment of research and innovation: looking to the future’ was held on 18-19 September 2017, in Brussels.

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