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欧洲在可可的可持续性与可追溯性标准化方面处于最前沿

发布时间: 2017-07-04 15:33:53   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:https://www.cencenelec.eu/news/brief_news/Pages/TN-2017-013.aspx  

在欧洲,可持续产品和服务的市场不断扩大,当前正在满足的是私人需求。欧洲没有可追溯性与可持续性的可可标准。公共部门在公共采购方面的压力来自于仅购买贴有“可持续性”与“可追溯性”标签的产品。与此同时,欧洲巧克力市场交易额高达216亿欧元。2016年,欧盟成员国的巧克力出口量约为200万吨。欧盟国家的可可进口量达170万吨,其中大部分来自非洲(欧盟统计局数字:象牙海岸,72万吨;加纳,34万吨;喀麦隆,14万吨)。

欧洲巧克力生产商与消费者也关注高品质可可的可持续性生产,要求制定高标准。相关方需要解决质量问题、可持续性问题与可追溯性问题,以协调可可的实际生产过程:在界定可可的可持续性的统一程序方面达成共识等。因此,我们需要制定标准来保证农业实践、环境保护以及农民社会状况和生活的改善。这些标准将用于约束可可供应链所涉各方,从种植户到采购商。标准化工作旨在统一可可供应链的要求,提高效能,鼓励市场透明化与公平竞争。

2012年,欧洲标准委员会(CEN)成立了CEN / TC 415 - 技术委员会,以制定可持续的可可标准。长此以往,就建立或诞生了一个相应的ISO机构 - ISO / TC 34 / SC 18。目前,CEN和ISO正在携手制定支持可可的可持续与可追溯的四项标准:

prEN ISO 34101-1“可持续性与可追溯性的可可 - 第1部分:可持续发展管理体系的要求”。

rEN ISO 34101-2“可持续性和可追溯性的可可 - 第2部分:效能要求(与经济、社会和环境方面相关)”。

prEN ISO 34101-3“可持续性和可追溯性的可可 - 第3部分:可追溯性的要求”。

prEN ISO 34101-4“可持续性和可追溯性可可 - 第4部分:认证计划的要求”。

在丹麦标准化协会(DS)秘书处的监督下,“可持续性与可追溯性的可可”CEN技术委员会TC / 415正在制定该系列标准。参与标准制定工作的还包括关于“可可”的ISO / TC 34 / SC 18,该组织由象牙海岸(科特迪瓦标准局,CODINORM)、加纳(加纳标准局,GSA)与荷兰(荷兰国家标准,NEN)的ISO成员国联合管理。可可生产大国广泛参与到这些标准的制定。

可可的相关标准预计将于2017年底公布,以支持可可种植农民与其他供应商。

 

Europe on the forefront of standardization for sustainability and traceability of cocoa beans

 

The market for sustainable products and services increases in Europe and is currently catered for private initiatives. Yet, no European standards exist for traceable and sustainable cocoa. Pressure comes also from Public authorities in the context of public procurement to purchase only products labelled as ‘sustainable’ and ‘traceable’. At the same time, the European market of chocolate represents 21.6 billion euros. In 2016, the European Union Members exported about 2 million tons of chocolate. The EU countries have imported 1.7 million tons of cocoa beans, most of them coming from Africa (Eurostat figures: Ivory Coast, 720 000 tons; Ghana, 340 000 tons; and Cameroon, 140 000 tons).

European chocolate producers and European consumers are also concerned about sustainable production of high-quality cocoa, asking for high standards. The questions of quality, sustainability and traceability need to be tackled to harmonize cocoa production practices: uniformed procedures, defining what sustainability in the cocoa sector means, reach a common understanding, etc. We therefore need Standards to ensure good agricultural practices, the protection of the environment, and the improvement of the social conditions and lives of farmers. They will be of use to all parties involved in the cocoa supply chain from the farmers to the purchasers of cocoa. The standardization efforts aim at unifying requirements for cocoa supply chain with a view of improving its effectiveness and creating transparency and fair competition.

In 2012, CEN established CEN/TC 415 - a Technical Committee to develop standards for sustainable cocoa. Over time, a corresponding ISO body - ISO/TC 34/SC 18 - was created. Currently, CEN and ISO are jointly working on the development of four standards in support of Sustainability and Traceability of Cocoa beans:

prEN ISO 34101-1 ‘Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans - Part 1: Requirements for sustainability management systems’.

rEN ISO 34101-2 ‘Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans - Part 2: Requirements for performance (related to economic, social and environmental aspects)’.

prEN ISO 34101-3 ‘Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans - Part 3: Requirements for traceability’.

prEN ISO 34101-4 ‘Sustainable and traceable cocoa beans - Part 4: Requirements for certification schemes’.

CEN Technical Committee TC/415 on ‘Sustainable and Traceable Cocoa’ is developing this series of standards under the secretariat of our Danish Member, DS. The work is carried out together with ISO/TC 34/SC 18 on ‘Cocoa’, which is jointly managed by ISO members from the Ivory Coast (CODINORM), Ghana (GSA) and the Netherlands (NEN). These standards are developed with a strong presence of cocoa-producing countries.

Cocoa-related standards are expected to be published at the end of 2017 to support cocoa farmers and other parties involved.

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