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BSI对无障碍建筑及设施标准进行修订,使其更具包容性

发布时间: 2018-03-14 11:04:52   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:https://www.bsigroup.com/en-GB/about-bsi/media-centre/press-releases/2018/january/Standard-for-desig  

BSI对BS 8300:2018 无障碍和包容性建筑环境这项标准进行了修订。

修订后的标准旨在从项目一开始为客户、专业设计人员、建设者、当地的政府官员、执法人员及最终建筑的使用者们提供打造包容性环境所需要的信息。包容性环境指的是能够为尽量多的人群服务的环境——包括残障人士、老人和幼童。

BS 8300现由两部分构成:第一部分:外部环境——规程第二部分:建筑物——规程。第一部分主要包括外部环境内部和周围的通道以及通往建筑的路径;第二部分为建筑内部的各通道提供了指导,包括建筑物内部需要提供的设施。BS 8300的两部分都取代了这一标

准的2009版,后者已经被撤回。

第一部分为外部的建筑环境设计提出建议,包括让通往建筑物的路径设计能够满足尽量多的人群。这一部分适用于建筑物相邻的外部特征,例如停车位、进出路线和建筑物的入口。这项标准的第一部分还涵盖了外部坏境的其他方面,例如街道设计、园林绿化和公共设

施。

第二部分为建筑设计提出建议,以最大限度地迎合各具特色、能力不一的人群。这一部分适用于建筑入口(包括向外开的门窗)和建筑内的装潢(例如入口和接待设施)。

BS 8300两个部分的建议中都附有情景设置的注释,将其置于情境之下,以帮助读者理解残障人士所经历的障碍。一些情境中的建议很细致;其他情境中的则包含一些维度上的差别。这些差别旨在让设计者们在设计方案上更加灵活。

残障人士或许需要扶手、触摸可读的标志以及助听系统的帮助,建议中对这些特征也有涉及。除此之外,这项标准还对适应历史建筑和宗教建筑的包容性设计提供了指导,很多此类建筑都不具备包容性的通道。

第一部分中还包含公共交通基础设施、车库和封闭停车场、电力汽车充电和行人路面。第二部分中含有走廊和通道、更衣和淋浴区、斜坡和厕所设施。

BSI建筑环境部负责人Ant Burd(安特·博德)说:“在建筑物生命周期中,为满足一些特定人群的需要而定制设施,这是很有必要的——但是如果建筑物及周边地区能够从一开始就具有充分的包容性,那将会更有益处。BS 8300 的第一部分和第二部分提供的详细指导和建

议让项目开始的时候就具有包容性成为现实——所以在工地真正动工前,所设计的最终建筑物能够满足所有使用者。”

“从轮椅的可操控空间到为建造进出方便的多层停车场所提供的指导,这项标准的第一部分和第二部分为建筑环境的专家们提供了设计未来共享设施的最佳指导。”

展望未来,打造一个开放包容的环境对于经济、社会和环境可持续发展不可或缺。满足BS 8300-第一部分和第二部分中的建议能够为真正实现可持续发展做出贡献。

作为推动委员会的成员,以下组织参与了BS 8300-1的制定工作:关于通行;通行协会;英国通行设计方案;园林设计;阿特金斯;态度决定一切;英国预制;BSI消费者和公共利益网络;无障碍环境中心(CAE);英国建筑服务研究所;保护消费者利益网络

(CPIN);社区和地方政府处(DCLG);大伦敦政府(GLA);HADA通行景观顾问;包容性设计通道;雷丁大学;英国皇家建筑师协会;英国皇家城镇规划研究院;索尔福德大学;沃尔瑟姆福里斯特委员会。

作为推进委员会的成员,以下组织参与了BS 8300-2的制定工作:英国通行设计方案;态度决定一切;B/507(铺设单位和路肩)联络;英国预制;BSI消费者和公共利益网络;英国标准工程顾问公司;无障碍环境中心;建筑服务特许制度;消费者和公共利益网络;接

触;CPIN;社区和地方政府部;FSH/14(建筑物的防火措施)联络;大伦敦政府(GLA);建筑五金店协会;创意公司;包容性的设计和通行服务(Idacs);包容性设计顾问;Leaderflush Shapland Laidlawbritish;limbcare公司;雷丁大学;英国皇家建筑师协会;

英国皇家特许测量师;皇家城市规划学院;英格兰体育局;纺织服务协会;皇家艺术学院;英国设计委员会;奥蒂斯;沃尔瑟姆福里斯特委员会。

 

Standard for designing accessible buildings and facilities revised to be more inclusive

BSI, the business standards company, has revised BS 8300:2018 Design of an accessible and inclusive built environment.

The revised standard aims to give clients, design professionals, builders, local government officials, enforcers and ultimately users of buildings the information they need to create an inclusive environment from the outset of a project. An inclusive environment is one that works for as wide a range of people as possible – including disabled people, the elderly, and children.

BS 8300 now comes in two parts: Part 1: External environment – code of practice and Part 2: Buildings – code of practice. Part 1 primarily covers access in and around the external environment and the approaches to buildings; part 2 provides guidance on access within buildings, including the facilities that should be provided inside buildings. Both parts of BS 8300 supersede the 2009 version of this standard, which has been withdrawn.

Part 1 gives recommendations for the design of the external built environment, including the approaches to buildings, to accommodate as wide a range of users as possible. It is applicable to external features adjacent to a building, such as parking spaces, access routes, and the entrances to buildings. Other aspects of the external environment, such as street design, landscaping, and public facilities, are also covered by part 1 of this standard.

Part 2 gives recommendations for the design of buildings to accommodate users with the widest range of characteristics and capabilities. It is applicable to entrances to buildings, including outward opening doors and windows, and interiors of buildings such as entrances and reception facilities. 

The recommendations in both parts of BS 8300 are accompanied by scene-setting commentary that places the recommendations in context for readers not familiar with the barriers experienced by disabled people. In some instances recommendations are specific; in others, they include dimensional ranges. Dimensional ranges are intended to provide designers with some flexibility of design solution.

Grab rails, touch legible signs and assistive listening systems might be needed to assist a disabled person, and recommendations are given on these features. The standard also gives guidance on accommodating an inclusive design in historic buildings and religious buildings, many of which are not known for their inclusive access.

Public transport infrastructure, garaging and enclosed parking spaces, electric vehicle charging and pedestrian surfaces are also covered in part 1. Corridors and passageways, changing and shower areas, ramps and slopes and toilet facilities are covered in part 2.

Ant Burd, Head of the Built Environment Sector at BSI, said: “Creating bespoke facilities for certain people’s needs can often be necessary over the life of a building – however, it’s far more beneficial if a building and its adjoining spaces can be fully inclusive from the outset. BS 8300 1&2 gives detailed guidance and recommendations on making the goal of inclusivity a reality from day one of a project – so that by the time the work begins on site the final building has been designed to work for everyone who uses it.

“From space allowances for wheelchair manoeuvring to guidance on building an access-friendly multi-story car park, parts 1 & 2 of this standard provide built environment professionals best practice guidance on designing the shared facilities of tomorrow.”

With an eye on the future, creating an accessible and inclusive environment is integral to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Meeting the recommendations in BS 8300-1 & 2 can contribute to achieving truly sustainable development.

The following organizations were involved in the development of BS 8300-1 as members of the steering committee: About Access; Access Association; Access Design Solutions UK; Architecture Garden Design; Atkins; Attitude is Everything; British Precast; BSI Consumer and Public Interest Network; Centre for Accessible Environments (CAE); Chartered Institute of Building Services; Consumer Protection Interest Network (CPIN); Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG); Greater London Authority (GLA); HADA Access Consultant Landscape; Inclusive Design Access; Reading University; Royal Institute of British Architects; Royal Town Planning Institute; University of Salford; Waltham Forest Council.

The following organizations were involved in the development of BS 8300-2 as members of the steering committee: Access Design Solutions UK; Attitude is Everything; B/507 (Paving units and kerbs) liaison; British Precast; BSI Consumer and Public Interest Network;  BuroHappold; Centre for Accessible Environment; Chartered Institution of Building Services; Consumer and Public Interest Network; Contacta; CPIN; Department for Communities and Local Government; FSH/14 (Fire Precautions in Buildings) liaison; Greater London Authority (GLA); Guild of Architectural Ironmongers; Ideas Ltd; Inclusive Design and Access Consultancy Services (idacs); Inclusive Design Consultancy; Leaderflush Shapland Laidlawbritish; Limbcare Ltd; Reading University; Royal Institute of British Architects; Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors; Royal Town Planning Institute; Sport England; Textile Services Association; The Royal College of Art; UK Design Council; Otis; Waltham Forest Council.

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