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BSI修订无障碍建筑与设施设计标准,新标准更具包容性

发布时间: 2018-03-12 14:39:18   审校:睿智  

英国标准协会(BSI)已修订BS 8300:2018设计一个可访问和包容性建筑环境修订后的标准旨在为客户、设计专家、建筑师、地方政府官员、执法者和建筑的最终使用者提供所需的相关信息,使得项目从一开始就便提供一个包容性的环境。包容的环境是为尽可能广泛的人群

——包括残疾人、老人和儿童。

BS 8300现分为两部分:第1部分:外部环境——规程第2部分:建筑——规程。第1部分主要涉及外部环境及周围通道和建筑物通道;第2部分为建筑物通道设计提供指南,包括建筑物内应提供的设施。BS 8300的两部分取代了已经撤回的2009年版本。

第1部分为设计外部建成环境提供建议,包括建筑物的通道,以尽可能地适用于广泛的用户。本部分适用于与建筑物相邻的部分,例如停车位、通道和建筑物入口。本标准的第1部分还包括外部环境的其他方面,如街道设计,园林绿化和公共设施等。

第2部分给出了建筑设计的建议,以适应用户最广泛的不同特点和能力。本部分适用于建筑物的入口,包括向外开的门窗,以及入口和接待设施等建筑物的内部。

BS 8300标准的这两个部分建议都附上了场景设置注解,这些注解为不熟悉残疾人士障碍的读者提供了建议,。某些建议是具体的,其余则涵盖了一些维度范围,维度范围旨在为设计人员提供一些设计灵活的解决方案。

    为了帮助残疾人,建筑物可能需要抓住扶手、触摸清晰的标志和听力辅助系统,标准就这些特征给出建议。该标准还指导了应如何在历史和宗教建筑中应用包容性的设计,因其中有许多建筑的包容性设计入口不为人知。

第1部分还涉及公共交通基础设施,车库和封闭的停车空间,电动汽车充电桩还有步行路面。第2部分则包括走廊、通道、更衣区和淋浴区、斜道和斜坡,还有厕所设施。

BSI建筑环境部负责人Ant Burd表示:“在建筑物的整个生命周期中,为特定人群的需求创建定制设施通常是必要的,但是,如果建筑物及其毗连空间完全包容 从一开始 BS 8300 1&2从一个项目的第一天开始就实现包容性的目标给出了详细的指导和建议 - 所以在工作开始的时

候,最终的建筑被设计成为每个使用它的人工作。

BSI建筑环境部的负责人安特·伯德(Ant Burd)表示:“为满足特定人群的需要,在建筑物中安装定制设施通常是十分必要的——然而,如果建筑物及其相邻空间从建设之初就完全具备包容性,那就更有益了。BS 8300的第1部分和第2部分为实现包容性,从项目开始的第一天

起,便就此给出详细的指导和建议——所以,在工作开始的时候,最终成型的建筑已经被设计成为每一个使用者服务的场所。”

“从操控轮椅的空间容纳性到指导建设访问友好的多层停车场,本标准的1、2两部分给建成环境的专家提供了最佳的实践指导,指导其设计明日的共享设施。”

着眼未来,创造无障碍、包容性环境是经济、社会和环境可持续发展的一部分。在建筑设计中满足BS 8300标准1、2部分的建议,有助于真正实现可持续发展。

下列机构作为督导委员会的成员参与了BS 8300标准第1部分的制定: About Access公司,出入通道协会(Access Association);英国出入通道设计公司(Access Design Solutions UK);建筑园林设计;阿特金斯(Atkins);态度决定一切公司(Attitude is Everything);

英国预制混凝土联合会(British Precast);英国标准协会(BSI)消费者和公共利益网络;无障碍环境中心(CAE);特许屋宇服务机构;保护消费者利益网络(CPIN);英国社区与地方政府部(DCLG);大伦敦政府(GLA); 美国夏威夷防空区出入通道咨询景观公司(HADA Access

Consultant Landscape);包容性设计通道公司(Inclusive Design Access);雷丁大学;英国皇家建筑师协会;皇家城镇规划院;索尔福德大学;沃尔瑟姆·福里斯特委员会。

下列机构作为督导委员会的成员参与了BS 8300标准第2部分的制定:英国出入口设计方案公司(Access Design Solutions UK);态度决定一切公司(Attitude is Everything);B / 507(铺设单位和路肩)联络部;British Precast;英国标准协会(BSI)消费者和公共利益网

络;英国标赫工程顾问公司(Buro Happold);无障碍环境中心;特许屋宇服务机构;消费者和公共利益网络;Contacta公司;CPIN;英国社区与地方政府部;FSH / 14(建筑物防火措施)联络部;大伦敦政府(GLA);建筑五金经销商协会;点子公司;包容性设计和访问咨询

服务(idacs);包容性设计咨询公司;英国里德弗卢氏沙普兰公司(Leaderflush Shapland Laidlawbritish); 乐美凯公司(Limbcare Ltd);雷丁大学;英国皇家建筑师协会;皇家特许测量师学会;皇家城镇规划院;英格兰体育局;纺织服务协会;皇家艺术学院;英国设计委

员会;奥蒂斯公司(Otis);沃尔瑟姆·福里斯特委员会。

 

Standard for designing accessible buildings and facilities revised to be more inclusive

BSI, the business standards company, has revised BS 8300:2018 Design of an accessible and inclusive built environment.

The revised standard aims to give clients, design professionals, builders, local government officials, enforcers and ultimately users of buildings the information they need to create an inclusive environment from the outset of a project. An inclusive environment is one that works for as wide a range of people as possible – including disabled people, the elderly, and children.

BS 8300 now comes in two parts: Part 1: External environment – code of practice and Part 2: Buildings – code of practice. Part 1 primarily covers access in and around the external environment and the approaches to buildings; part 2 provides guidance on access within buildings, including the facilities that should be provided inside buildings. Both parts of BS 8300 supersede the 2009 version of this standard, which has been withdrawn.

Part 1 gives recommendations for the design of the external built environment, including the approaches to buildings, to accommodate as wide a range of users as possible. It is applicable to external features adjacent to a building, such as parking spaces, access routes, and the entrances to buildings. Other aspects of the external environment, such as street design, landscaping, and public facilities, are also covered by part 1 of this standard.

Part 2 gives recommendations for the design of buildings to accommodate users with the widest range of characteristics and capabilities. It is applicable to entrances to buildings, including outward opening doors and windows, and interiors of buildings such as entrances and reception facilities. 

The recommendations in both parts of BS 8300 are accompanied by scene-setting commentary that places the recommendations in context for readers not familiar with the barriers experienced by disabled people. In some instances recommendations are specific; in others, they include dimensional ranges. Dimensional ranges are intended to provide designers with some flexibility of design solution.

Grab rails, touch legible signs and assistive listening systems might be needed to assist a disabled person, and recommendations are given on these features. The standard also gives guidance on accommodating an inclusive design in historic buildings and religious buildings, many of which are not known for their inclusive access.

Public transport infrastructure, garaging and enclosed parking spaces, electric vehicle charging and pedestrian surfaces are also covered in part 1. Corridors and passageways, changing and shower areas, ramps and slopes and toilet facilities are covered in part 2.

Ant Burd, Head of the Built Environment Sector at BSI, said: “Creating bespoke facilities for certain people’s needs can often be necessary over the life of a building – however, it’s far more beneficial if a building and its adjoining spaces can be fully inclusive from the outset. BS 8300 1&2 gives detailed guidance and recommendations on making the goal of inclusivity a reality from day one of a project – so that by the time the work begins on site the final building has been designed to work for everyone who uses it.

 “From space allowances for wheelchair manoeuvring to guidance on building an access-friendly multi-story car park, parts 1 & 2 of this standard provide built environment professionals best practice guidance on designing the shared facilities of tomorrow.”

With an eye on the future, creating an accessible and inclusive environment is integral to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Meeting the recommendations in BS 8300-1 & 2 can contribute to achieving truly sustainable development.

The following organizations were involved in the development of BS 8300-1 as members of the steering committee: About Access; Access Association; Access Design Solutions UK; Architecture Garden Design; Atkins; Attitude is Everything; British Precast; BSI Consumer and Public Interest Network; Centre for Accessible Environments (CAE); Chartered Institute of Building Services; Consumer Protection Interest Network (CPIN); Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG); Greater London Authority (GLA); HADA Access Consultant Landscape; Inclusive Design Access; Reading University; Royal Institute of British Architects; Royal Town Planning Institute; University of Salford; Waltham Forest Council.

The following organizations were involved in the development of BS 8300-2 as members of the steering committee: Access Design Solutions UK; Attitude is Everything; B/507 (Paving units and kerbs) liaison; British Precast; BSI Consumer and Public Interest Network;  BuroHappold; Centre for Accessible Environment; Chartered Institution of Building Services; Consumer and Public Interest Network; Contacta; CPIN; Department for Communities and Local Government; FSH/14 (Fire Precautions in Buildings) liaison; Greater London Authority (GLA); Guild of Architectural Ironmongers; Ideas Ltd; Inclusive Design and Access Consultancy Services (idacs); Inclusive Design Consultancy; Leaderflush Shapland Laidlawbritish; Limbcare Ltd; Reading University; Royal Institute of British Architects; Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors; Royal Town Planning Institute; Sport England; Textile Services Association; The Royal College of Art; UK Design Council; Otis; Waltham Forest Council.


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