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BSI发布了由行业支持的穿戴式摄像头新标准

发布时间: 2017-09-28 10:31:40   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源: https://www.bsigroup.com/en-GB/about-bsi/media-centre/press-releases/2017/august/New-standard-for-P  

英国标准协会(BSI)已针对穿戴式摄像头(BWV)发布了一项新标准,这些摄像头目前已被英国各地机构和警察广泛采用。2016年10月,伦敦大都会警察局宣布成为全球范围内该摄像头最大规模的使用者。

为了回应对于数据安全和隐私的担忧,各安全和隐私部门(包括英国内政部、大都会警察局和老大哥观察)联合制订了新标准BS 8593:2017《穿戴式摄像头部署和使用规范(2017)》。

该项标准提供了一个共同框架,促使公众了解BMV的使用场景和时机,争取公众信任。这项自愿性标准为BWV的适当和适度部署和使用提供了技术和操作建议。

该项标准的制定是为了填补由闭路电视与BWV的使用差异而导致的指导上的差距,避免再次出现闭路电视大量使用所引发的相关隐私问题。人们普遍认为,英国是世界上监控力度最大的国家。BS 8593中包含了规划和操作建议,指出BWV的部署需要合法理由,特别是在涉及隐私干涉评估的情况下。

BSI市场治理与恢复部负责人安妮·海斯表示:“在BS 8593的制定过程中,我们都认为公众对BWV操作和管理的信任至关重要,平衡安全和隐私问题则是重中之重。安全和隐私相关团体的共同参与表明,为了公众利益联合各项议程才能达成行业共识。

“BWV为用户提供被保护感,这是它作为安全设备的优势;要是哪里出了错,还另有一套眼睛和耳朵。”

监控摄像头委员会专员托尼·波特表示:“我支持这项新标准,感谢那些在如此短时间内完成这项卓越工作的人。随着BWV使用日益广泛,更多人将其视作对公民日常生活的侵犯。既要维护公民权利,又要维持社区安全,这两者的平衡是《内政大臣监控摄像头使用准则》的核心,而它的原则又是新标准的核心,我支持该标准的实行。”

BWV的合法部署示例包括:

- 维护员工安全:BWV用户面临身体或言语攻击的风险,或处于危险的工作环境

- 作为威慑:执行警务或控制可能受破坏的环境

- 证据捕获:BWV使用者目击或调查犯罪活动,捕获的视频或音频证据可协助日后法律诉讼

- 提高透明度:设备佩戴者经常遇到投诉,如执达官或停车场管理员

- 捕获数据用于过程改进或培训:例如识别学习机会

标准中包含设备推荐(如功能、重量、图像质量和加密)。独立条款涉及数据管理和安全,包括数据完整性、审计跟踪、存储和共享。

该标准为设备佩戴者、数据处理人员和一般操作员提供了培训,还与系统所有者一起制订了监控、升级和响应条款。

该标准适用于BWV用户、系统所有者、供应商和采购商。BWV系统的可能适用场景包括紧急服务、出租车调配、治安保障、安保、停车管理和门禁管理。

以下组织参与了BS 8593的制定工作:安全顾问协会、老大哥观察、英国安全行业协会、内政部、信息专员办公室、大都会警察局、国家警察总理事会(NPCC)、国家安监总局、安全行业管理局、安全系统和警报检查委员会(SSAIB)、伦敦交通局。参与制定的个人团体包括:英迪高有限公司、艾迪斯克斯有限公司、索罗安保有限公司。

 

New standard for Police body cams backed by industry

BSI, the business standards company, has launched a new standard for Body Worn Video (BWV), the cameras now widely adopted by councils and police across the UK. In October 2016 the world’s largest scale roll out of such cameras was announced by London’s Metropolitan Police.

In response to concerns over data security and privacy, the new standard, BS 8593: 2017 Code of practice for the deployment and use of Body Worn Video (BWV) has been developed in conjunction with security and privacy groups – including the Home Office, the Metropolitan Police, and Big Brother Watch.

The standard delivers a common framework to boost public trust in understanding of where and when BWV can be used. The voluntary standard provides technical and operational recommendations for the appropriate and proportionate deployment and use of Body Worn Video.

The standard was drawn up to address a gap in guidance due to the differences between the use of CCTV and BWV, and to avoid a repeat of the privacy concerns associated with the widespread roll out of CCTV. The UK is widely believed to be the most surveilled state in the world. BS 8593 covers planning and operational recommendations, outlining the need for BWV deployment to be based on legitimate reasons, particularly in terms of undertaking a Privacy Impact Assessment.

Anne Hayes, Head of Market Development for Governance and Resilience at BSI, said: “During the development of BS 8593 it was agreed that public confidence in the operation and management of BWV was critical, with balancing safety, security and privacy matters a central concern. The involvement of both security and privacy groups shows that standards can deliver industry consensus by aligning agendas to the public benefit.

“BWV has an advantage as a security device in terms of providing the user with a sense of protection; a second pair of eyes and ears should something go wrong.”

Tony Porter, Surveillance Camera Commissioner, said: “I am delighted to support the new British Standard and acknowledge the excellent work which has been undertaken by those to deliver it in such short timescales. As the use of body worn cameras proliferate they become more and more engrained as an intrusive capability in the daily lives of citizens. The important and fundamental balance of preserving the rights of citizens whilst keeping our communities safe and secure, are at the heart of the Home Secretary’s Surveillance Camera Code of Practice which I regulate, the principles within that Code are at the heart of the new standard, and I commend its introduction.”

Examples of legitimate deployment of BWV can include:

-       Safeguarding employee safety and security – where a user of Body Worn Video may be at risk of physical or verbal attack, or working in a hazardous environment

-       As a deterrent – if the device wearer is involved in policing or controlling an environment which people could try to disrupt

-       Evidence capture – if the BWV user is involved in a role where they might witness or investigate criminal activity, and capturing visual or audio evidence could assist with future legal proceedings

-       Promoting transparency – where a device wearer regularly encounters complaints, such as bailiffs or parking wardens

-       Capturing data to use in process improvement or training – such as identifying learning opportunities

Device recommendations – such as functionality, weight, image quality and encryption – are covered in the standard. A separate clause covers data management and security including data integrity, audit trails, storage and sharing redaction.

Training for the device wearers, data handlers, and general operator guidance, is provided in the standard, along with a dedicated clause covering monitoring, escalation and response as agreed with the system owners.

The standard is applicable to BWV users and system owners, as well as suppliers and procurers.  Examples of where BWV systems might be used include emergency services, taxi marshalling, warden schemes, security guarding, parking enforcement and door supervision.

The following organizations were involved in the development of BS 8593: Association of Security Consultants; Big Brother Watch; British Security Industry Association; Home Office; Information Commissioner’s Office; Metropolitan Police; National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC); National Security Inspectorate; Security Industry Authority; Security Systems and Alarms Inspection Board (SSAIB); Transport for London. In an individual capacity: IndigoVision; Edisix Ltd; SoloProtect Ltd.

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