收藏本站   设为首页
当前位置:国外标准化动态 > 中英 > 正文

BSI发布具体开拓性的“循环经济”标准

发布时间: 2017-08-04 15:36:27   审校:睿智   浏览次数:

BSI针对“循环经济”发布了BS 8001:2017:循环经济原理企业应用框架-指南这项新标准。

“循环经济”这一概念促使企业重新思考资源的管理方式,从而创造金融、环境和社会效益。制定BS 8001标准正是为了实现这一目标,让这些效益相互叠加,为企业和个人提供指导其思考、采用可持续性发展方式的原理。这一标准在英国乃至全世界都是第一例。

循环经济(circular economy)的一个主要目标就是保持产品、部件和材料始终具有最高的利用率和价值,这与循环经济本身具有的恢复性和再生性一致。BS 8001标准点出了循环经济的本质,介绍如何使企业的日常运作由线性转变为循环,从而可持续。

该项标准是基于对创新、管理、合作、价值优化、透明、“系统思维”这六个循环经济原则的实际应用,对企业如何渡过每一阶段提出了分步指导。该标准把“系统思维”定义为对企业、个体的决策和行为如何在更高一级系统中相互作用的理解。

BS 8001标准的第一步是要确定循环经济在具体组织中的地位,确定组织如何最大程度地发挥信息的潜力。要注意,这一标准并不是金科玉律,而应该由组织灵活运用——无论其大小、部门、类型或所处地域。循环经济原理适合处于转型初阶或更高阶段的组织。

对组织来说,选择“循环经济”是一个重要机遇。在这种高效利用资源的低碳经济模式下,成本和供应链风险都有所降低。实施BS 8001标准的组织会有新的收入来源,并且恢复力和可持续发展能力都会提升。

英国组织为该标准的制定投入巨大,确保了它的实用性。该标准也不是通篇术语,适合没有循环经济背景知识的读者阅读。

BSI可持续发展部负责人大卫·法切尔(David Fatscher)认为:“BS 8001标准在全世界前所未有,进一步证明BSI在为全球性挑战提供解决方案方面居于领导性地位。”

“资源产出率是政府新产业战略的核心,向我们展示标准是如何作为业务改进工具,来帮助企业解锁尚未开发的可持续增长潜能。BS 8001正是为了让组织以实际行动实现循环经济的经济和社会效益。”

BS 8001标准还对循环模式过渡过程中涉及的具体问题(即评估、责任与保险、后勤和物资)以及具体的相关商业模式(包括租赁、共享经济和再制造)给出了指导。

艾伦·麦克阿瑟基金会洞察和分析部门的项目经理弗朗索瓦·索西特(Francois Southet)强调:“这一标准向组织提供了加快向循环经济转型而采取的步骤有价值的内容。”

以下组织参与了BS 8001标准的编制工作:

商务、能源及工业战略部(BEIS)、汉普郡理事会、谢菲尔德大学、玛莎百货公司、劳斯莱斯、塔塔钢铁公司可持续发展研究所、阿美科福斯特惠勒公司、伦敦大学学院、绿色联盟、拉夫堡大学、格兰塔设计有限公司、木材贸易联合会、废物及资源行动计划、再生产和再利用中

心、机械工程师学会、创新英国、大伦敦政府、英国联合涂料有限公司、英国预制混凝土联合有限公司、环境管理与评价研究所、可持续设计中心、英国标准化可持续网络、环境、食品和乡村事务部、苏格兰零废弃物企业、伊甸21、 Shoosmiths律师事务所、国际铅协会、威尔

士政府、萨里大学、资源协会、英国玻璃制造商联合会、国家物理实验室、苏格兰政府、伦敦废物回收委员会、艾伦·麦克阿瑟基金会、英国废物管理学会、建筑产品协会、百瑞诺、造纸工业联合会、英国BAM建筑公司。

 

Ground-breaking British Standard for the ‘circular economy’ launched

BSI, the business standards company, has launched a new standard for the ‘circular economy’, BS 8001:2017Framework for implementing the principles of the circular economy in organizations – guide.

The ‘circular economy’ is a concept which challenges organizations to re-think how their resources are managed to create financial, environmental and social benefits. BS 8001 was developed to meet these mutually beneficial goals, by providing guiding principles for organizations and individuals to consider and implement more sustainable practices. It is the first standard of its kind, both in the UK and globally.

One of the key aims of the circular economy is to keep products, components and materials at their highest utility and value at all times, in keeping with the mantra of the circular economy as being restorative and regenerative by design. BS 8001 outlines what the circular economy is and how an organization can transition from a linear to a circular, and more sustainable, day-to-day operation.

Practical implementation of the six principles of the circular economy – innovation; stewardship; collaboration; value optimizations; transparency; and “systems thinking” – is the bedrock of the standard, and step-by-step guidance on how an organization can navigate through the different stages of implementation is provided. “Systems thinking” is defined in the standard as an understanding of how organizations, individual decisions and activities interact within the wider systems they are part of.

Identifying the role of the circular economy in a particular organization, and how an organization can maximize the potential of this information, is one of the first steps outlined in BS 8001. Importantly, the standard is not intended to be prescriptive or certifiable; it is intended to be used flexibly by those which adopt it – irrespective of the size, sector, type or location of the organization. It is suitable for organizations at a nascent or more advanced stage of transition on implementing the principles of the circular economy.

The move to a ‘circular economy’ is a significant opportunity for businesses and organizations; by contributing to a resource efficient and low-carbon economy, costs and supply chain risks are reduced. Further benefits for businesses which choose to implement BS 8001 include improved resilience, new revenue streams, and enhanced corporate sustainability credentials.

Extensive input from UK businesses into the development of the standard has ensured the standard is useable in real-world scenarios, and that the language used in the document is not overly technical and accessible to those without prior knowledge of the circular economy.

David Fatscher, Head of Sustainability at BSI, said: “BS 8001 is a world first and further evidence that BSI, as the UK national standards body, is demonstrating leadership in developing knowledge solutions which address global challenges.

“Resource productivity is at the heart of the government’s new Industrial Strategy and demonstrates how standards can be considered business improvement tools which help organizations unlock the untapped potential of sustainable growth. BS 8001 was developed to enable organizations to take practical actions to realize the economic and social benefits of the circular economy.”

To support the framework, BS 8001 provides guidance around the specific issues surrounding the transition to a circular model – namely measurements, liability and insurance, logistical concerns, and materials. Guidance is also provided on specific associated business models, including leasing, the sharing economy, and remanufacturing.

Francois Souchet, Project Manager for Insight and Analysis at the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, added: “This standard provides a valuable introduction to the practical action organizations can take to accelerate their transition to a circular economy.”

The following organizations and individuals were involved in the creation of BS 8001: BEIS - Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy; Hampshire County Council; University of Sheffield; Marks & Spencer plc, Rolls Royce; Tata Steel, Institute for Sustainability; Amec Foster Wheeler; University College London; Green Alliance; Loughborough University; Granta Design Limited; Keep Britain Tidy; Timber Trade Federation; Waste and Resources Action Programme; Centre for Remanufacturing and Reuse; Institution of Mechanical Engineers; Innovate UK; Greater London Authority; British Coatings Federation Ltd; British Precast Concrete Federation Ltd; Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment; Centre for Sustainable Design; UK Sustainability Network for Standardization; Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; Zero Waste Scotland; Eden21; Shoosmiths LLP, International Lead Association; Welsh Government; University of Surrey; Resource Association; British Glass Manufacturers Confederation; National Physical Laboratory; Scottish Government; London Waste & Recycling Board; Ellen MacArthur Foundation; Chartered Institution of Wastes Management; Construction Products Association; Bioregional; Confederation of Paper Industries Ltd; BAM Construct UK.

京ICP备09001239号
网站管理:国家标准化管理委员会标准信息中心
地址:北京海淀区马甸东路9号 邮编:100088 邮箱:info@sac.gov.cn
客服热线:010-82261056 QQ号:3433774297