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BSI发布智慧智慧城市数据和信息共享指南

发布时间: 2017-08-04 14:47:17   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:https://www.bsigroup.com/en-GB/about-bsi/media-centre/press-releases/2017/april/Smart-cities-guide-f  

BSI已发布了一项关于建立城市数据信息共享服务框架的指南。

PAS 183:2017关于智慧城市--建立共享数据和信息服务决策框架的指南--,是在城市标准研究所的要求下制定的,目的在于支持决策活动中的透明策略。城市标准研究所是BSI与未来城市二方合作建立的,其目的在于为城市和他们的公司建立基于标准的良好规范社区。

制定具体的数据共享协议可帮助决策者充分认识到数据信息服务在城市中产生的收益和价值。目前,城市中的数据多被用于特定目的,通常与公共事业有关,而数据共享的价值尚未被城市充分了解认识。数据也尚未被视作城市改造时必不可少的资产。同时,数据潜力尚未完全

开发,可为智慧城市中的新兴商业模式提供基础。

有效的数据分享决策框架可以帮助确保城市决策者——即公共、私人和第三产业部门中的决策者——掌握最优整体数据,从而形成决策。数据的缺失或误读都可能导致错误的决策——有时,这样的决策对于组织和公众来说可能带来严重的不良后果。

PAS 183标准定义了城市数据共享的数据框架, 方便建立现实实体与数字服务的专家和使用数据进行城市改造的决策者进行讨论。

本指南包括:智慧智慧城市中数据的种类、建立数据共享文化、数据价值链和其作用与责任、使用数据的目的、评估数据状态、定义数据读取权限和数据传输格式。

完整的数据可交互操作要求在城市的整个数据范围内创建数据框架,使数据同时具有开放性、封闭性和共享性。对部分城市而言,可能需要建立特别的数据分享协议,特别是针对那些多个组织同时共享数据的地区来说尤为如此。

    BSI制造部负责人丹·鲍穆尔(Dan Palmer)表示:“PAS 183标准的制定旨在尽可能简化分享不同数据集的流程,并为数据的合理使用设计指南。

“本次制定的PAS标准明确了不同种类、可被作为公开数据发表的数据的范围,指明了哪些数据可被共享,哪些应被个人保留。“当前,至关重要的是让数据在尽可能广的范围内被分享,方便以便市政当局和公民对他们在得到充分信息的情况下、针对开放的选择做出明智的决

定。”

本指南是PAS标准体系中的一个部分。PAS标准体系包括PAS 180、181、182,三者分别定义了智慧城市中涉及的词汇和术语、智慧城市框架和智慧城市概念模型。

PAS 183文件尚未涉及以下部分:国家安全问题、公民数据使用规范、现存城市间协议的不可操作性、应用程序编程接口(API)、任何特定地区的数据共享规则条例。

下列组织作为指导小组成员参与了PAS 183标准的制定:BSI消费者与公共利益网络委员会、城市标准研究所、剑桥智慧基础设施建筑中心、D4SC有限公司(社会变革设计)、数字英国(BIM任务小组)、Digital Catapult公司、 FlyingBinary有限公司、富士通、Future Cities

capapult公司、 大伦敦市市政管理当局、英国英泰交通基础设施有限公司、iStand英国、Living PlanIT SA、地方政府协会、国家基础设施保护中心、兵器调查有限公司、红忍者、皇家工程学院、格林威治区、SmartKlub有限公司、伦敦大学学院、UrbanDNA公司。

 

 

Smart cities guide for sharing data and information launched

BSI, the business standards company, has launched a new guide on establishing a framework for sharing data and information services in cities.

PAS 183:2017 Smart Cities – guide to establishing a decision-making framework for sharing data and information services – was developed at the request of the Cities Standards Institute in part to support a transparent approach to making decisions. The Cities Standard Institute is a collaboration between BSI and the Future Cities Catapult to create a standards-based community of good practice for cities and the companies they work with.

Creating specific data-sharing agreements can help decision-makers fully realize the benefits and value of data and information services in a city. Currently, data is mostly used for a specific purpose by cities, often related to a public task, with the value of data sharing yet to be fully explored and realized by cities. Data is not yet widely viewed as an essential asset which can be used to transform a city. There is also untapped potential for data to provide the basis for new commercial models in smart cities.

An effective decision-making framework for sharing data can help ensure that city decision-makers – in the public, private and third sectors – have the best overall data to shape their decision making. The consequences for missing data or the misinterpretation of data can lead to wrong actions – sometimes with debilitating consequences an organization or the wider public. 

PAS 183 defines the data framework for sharing city data to enable discussions between the specialists who build and design the physical and digital services and the decisions-makers using data to transform their city.

The guide covers types of data in smart cities; establishing a data sharing culture; a data value chain, and its roles and responsibilities; purposes for data use; assessing data states; defining access rights for data; and data formats of transportation.

Full data interoperability requires a data framework to be created across the entire spectrum of data for a city: open, closed and shared data. For some cities, there will also be a need to establish specific data sharing agreements, particularly where data is being shared by multiple organizations simultaneously.

Dan Palmer, Head of Manufacturing at BSI, said: “PAS 183 was created to make the process of sharing different sets of data as easy as possible, and set out guidelines for appropriate use of data.

“This PAS provides clarity around what types of data can be published as open data, what can be shared and what should be kept private. The sharing of as wide a range of data as possible is essential in order for both city authorities and citizens to make informed decisions about the options open to them.”

This guide is part of a wider suit of PASs, including PAS 180, 181, 182 – guides which defined the vocabulary terms for smart cities, a smart city framework, and a smart city concept model respectively.

PAS 183 does not cover national security issues; good practice for use of data by the citizen; existing inoperability agreements between cities; defining application programming interfaces (API); any data sharing rules and regulations specific to a particular jurisdiction.

The following organizations were involved in the development of PAS 183 as members of the steering group: BSI Consumer & Public Interest Network; Cities Standard Institute; Cambridge Centre for Smart Infrastructure and Construction; D4SC Ltd (Design for Social

Change); Digital Built Britain (BIM Task Group); Digital Catapult; FlyingBinary Limited; Fujitsu; Future Cities catapult; Greater London Authority; Imtech Traffic & Infra UK Ltd; iStand UK; Living PlanIT SA; Local Government Association; Centre for the Protection of National

Infrastructure; Ordnance Survey Ltd; Red Ninja; Royal Academy of Engineering; Royal Borough of Greenwich; SmartKlub Ltd; University College London; UrbanDNA.

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