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USTR发布北美自由贸易协定(NAFTA)目标摘要

发布时间: 2017-08-25 13:02:11   审校:睿智   浏览次数:
来源:https://www.ansi.org/news_publications/news_story?menuid=7&articleid=8f693c90-8a98-43ef-b7c6-9e53898  

美国贸易代表办公室(USTR)于本月就重新商谈美国、加拿大和墨西哥三国签署的北美自由贸易协定(NAFTA)发布了18页全面的具体谈判目标摘要。近日,美国国家标准协会(ANSI)代表美国标准化团体在NAFTA听证会上作证,以设法解决过时的标准化政策来支持NAFTA的现代化建设。

NAFTA的谈判目标包括,要求“NAFTA国家采用世界贸易组织(WTO)技术性贸易壁垒委员会(TBT)通过的决定和提议,即采用其中的标准、合格评定、透明度等方面的内容。目标还包括添加数字经济章节,纳入并加深目前NAFTA附属协议中劳工和环境的义务,提供强有力的知识产权执法标准,当中包括要求有可用且迅速有效的民事、行政、刑事执法机制。

USTR发表的声明指,“谈判目标旨在尽可能使更大范围的商品和服务涵盖到最高标准中,以确保真正实现自由和公平的贸易,来支持美国的高薪工作和经济增长。”

阅读NAFTA重新商谈的目标摘要

美国、加拿大和墨西哥三国的首次NAFTA谈判将于2017年8月16日至20日在华盛顿特区举行。美国国会和公众于2017年5月18日开始,围绕此次谈判进入为期90天的咨询期。美国贸易代表罗伯特·莱特希泽(Robert Lighthizer)正式通知国会,特朗普总统意图启动NAFTA重新谈判进程,寻求增进美国工人、农民、企业和制造商的利益。

5月23日,USTR发出联邦登记册公示,征求公众意见。此前,ANSI也发表了一篇文章,征求其成员和利益相关方的意见,并将此列入ANSI对USTR的一致回应中,在6月8日上交了ANSI针对NAFTA提出的最终意见。

上个月下旬,ANSI代表美国标准化团体,在与加拿大和墨西哥合办的关于北美自由贸易区现代化的听证会上作证。ANSI负责政府关系和公共政策的副总裁玛丽·桑德斯(Mary Saunders)在听证会上作证,ANSI能有效提高美国公司竞争力,以及促进其打入国外市场。她提出技术性贸易壁垒的问题,以及由市场驱动的标准化活动在加强贸易和提高竞争力方面的所发挥的作用。[参见ANSI的覆盖范围]

桑德斯女士还强调了ANSI如何通过处理过时的标准化政策来实现NAFTA的现代化,以确保标准和合格评定解决方案有更大的灵活性和更多的选择余地。

 

 

The United States Trade Representative (USTR) this month released a comprehensive 18-page summary of its negotiating objectives for the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. On behalf of the U.S. standardization community, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) recently testified at a NAFTA hearing, in support of modernizing NAFTA by addressing outdated standardization policies.

The NAFTA negotiating objectives include requiring “NAFTA countries to apply decisions and recommendations adopted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee that apply, inter alia, to standards, conformity assessment, transparency, and other areas.” Objectives also include adding a digital economy chapter and incorporating and strengthening labor and environment obligations that are currently in NAFTA side agreements, and providing strong standards enforcement of intellectual property rights, including by requiring accessible, expeditious, and effective civil, administrative, and criminal enforcement mechanisms.

According to the USTR release, “The negotiating objectives aim to apply the highest standards covering the broadest possible range of goods and services to ensure truly free and fair trade that supports higher-paying jobs and economic growth in the United States.”

Read the Summary of Objectives for the NAFTA Renegotiation.

The initial round of NAFTA negotiations between the United States, Canada, and Mexico will be in Washington, D.C., August 16 -20, 2017. The negotiations follow a 90-day consultation period with Congress and the public, which was initiated on May 18, 2017, when Ambassador Robert Lighthizernotified Congress of President Trump's intent to renegotiate NAFTA to benefit American workers, farmers, businesses, and manufacturers.

On May 23, USTR issued a Federal Register notice seeking public input. ANSI published an article seeking comments from its members and stakeholders for inclusion in ANSI’s consensus response to USTR, and the final ANSI comments on NAFTA were submitted on June 8.

Late last month, ANSI testified on behalf of the U.S. standardization community, at a hearing concerning the modernization of NAFTA with Canada and Mexico. Mary Saunders, ANSI vice president, government relations and public policy, testified on ANSI’s role in facilitating U.S. companies’ competitiveness and their access to foreign markets. She addressed issues related to technical barriers to trade, and the role of market-driven standardization activities in enhancing trade and competitiveness. [See ANSI’s coverage].

Ms. Saunders also emphasized how ANSI supports modernizing NAFTA by addressing outdated standardization policies—to ensure greater flexibility and choice in standards and conformity assessment solutions.

 

 

 

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