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免费电子海报!ANSI在国家基础设施周期间展示75项支持美国基础设施建设的标准

发布时间: 2017-08-04 14:40:30   审校:睿智   浏览次数:

近距离看主要结构和体系的核心标准与认证

在第五届国家基础设施周期间(5月15日至19日),美国国家标准协会(ANSI)用一张标有75项关于美国基础设施建设标准的海报,表彰其会员、标准制定者和认可机构为社会安全和效率所做的贡献。

本周内ANSI同150多个参加基础设施周的国家、州和地方机构举行一系列活动,表彰用于基础设施管道建设的创新方案和投资。尽管有创新和投资正在进行中,美国的基础设施建设依然需要标准和认可服务的支持,以有助于为制造业、铁路、水路、能源等各经济领域的运作确

立一个运营和结构性框架。

投资资金对基础运输设施的升级和维护功不可没,体现投资人专业素养的技术标准同样功不可没。为了跟上21世纪的需求和前进步伐,需要对功能性基础设施进行持续监测和升级,这同样需要标准化的支持。标准是质量和性能的保障,能为投资可持续基础设施带来丰厚回报,

提高企业利润和经济效益。

基础设施泛指美国乃至世界范围内的各种基础服务,数不胜数。ANSI在这张海报中列出了75项由协会会员和标准制定者制定的标准,它们都对公共安全和经济稳健有直接影响。

在国际舞台上,国际电工委员会(IEC)和国际标准化组织(ISO)为基础设施建设制定了众多标准,该海报收录数项如下:

IEC 62279:2015铁路应用-通信、信号发送与处理系统-铁路控制和保护系统软件明确了制定用于铁路控制和保护的可编程电子系统的流程和技术要求。该项标准旨在用于所有涉及安全问题的领域,该项标准是由IEC/TC 9关于铁路电气设备与系统技术委员会制定,美国电气

电子工程师协会(IEEE)担任技术顾问组(TAG)秘书处工作。

ISO 24516:2016《供水与废水系统资产管理指南-第1部分:饮用水分配网络给出了用于饮用水网络资产管理的技术指南、工具和范例,以保持现有资产价值。该项标准由ISOTC 224 饮用水供应系统和废水处理系统---服务质量准则和性能指标技术委员会制定。 ANSI认可的

ISO/TC 224的美国TAG负责孤苦也是美国自来水厂协会。美国在ISO的代表是ANSI,在IEC的代表是美国国家委员会。

新技术推动基础设施日新月异,非强制性标准对实现设计功能至关重要。ANSI/NEMA SG-IC 1-2013《智能电网可交互性和一致性测试与认证便是其中一例,用于指导管理智能电网产品可交互性和安全性测试与认证。国家电气制造业协会(NEMA)在其中特别明确了智能电网产

品可交互性和安全性测试方案中四个主要参与者的角色和责任。

美国防火协会制定(NFPA)制定的NFPA 1003-2015机场消防员专业认证标准对机场消防员的工作表现提出了最低要求。NFPA是一个全球性非盈利组织,致力于减少火灾、电气及相关事故导致的人员伤亡和经济财产损失。

ASTM D2940/D2940M-15公路/机场基层/底基层分级骨料规格标准规定了各级骨料质量控制要求。不同等级的骨料在施工现场按预期功能碾轧至合适密度,以达到公路或机场、基座或底基座对稳定性和承载力各自不同的要求。

ASTM是ANSI会员及其认可的标准制定组织,通过制定非强制性统一标准提升产品质量和安全性,促进市场开放和贸易,建立消费者信任。

更多标准指南详见ANSI海报。

该海报还介绍了许多与废水处理、海产品加工、起重机检修等基础设施服务相关的资格认证项目(经ANSI认证),更多信息详见www.ansiaccreditation.org

 

Free E-Poster! During National Infrastructure Week, ANSI Highlights 75 Ways Standards and Conformity Assessment Support U.S. Infrastructure

A Closer Look at Standards and Accreditation at the Core of Critical Structures and Systems

As National Infrastructure Week kicks off its fifth year on May 15-19, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) recognizes its members, standards developers, and accreditation services that help pave the way to a safer and more efficient society with a new graphic poster highlighting 75 standards and conformance activities that support American infrastructure.

This week, ANSI and more than 150 other Infrastructure Week affiliates at the national, state, and local level will host events in recognition of innovative projects and investments that support infrastructure pipeline projects. Even with such efforts and investments underway, U.S. infrastructure also needs the support of standards and accreditation services that help set the framework for an infinite number of operations and structures integral to United States’ economic sectors—ranging from manufacturing, to railways, waterways, and energy.

While investments serve to improve and maintain transportation infrastructure, technically robust standards that reflect stakeholder expertise also contribute to the success of these pipeline projects. And, to keep with the pace of 21st century needs and advancements, restoration and upgrades that are mandatory for a functional American infrastructure are supported by standardization—designed to be continuously monitored and updated. To that end, standards also support the quality and performance that can give good returns on sustainable infrastructure investments—and boost the bottom line for businesses and the economy.

Infrastructure encompasses an infinite amount of operations and services across the U.S. and the world, and ANSI’s new poster illustrates 75 examples of the multitudes of standards developed by ANSI members and standards developers, all which have a direct impact on public safety, and a healthy economy.

On the international stage, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) have developed numerous standards that support infrastructure, with several highlighted in the ANSI poster, including:

IEC 62279:2015, Railway applications - Communication, signaling and processing systems - Software for railway control and protection systems, specifies the process and technical requirements for the development of software for programmable electronic systems for use in railway control and protection applications. This standard is aimed at use in any area where there are safety implications. It was developed by IEC Technical Committee (TC) 9, Electrical equipment and systems for railways, with the IEEE Standards Association serving as U.S. Technical Advisory Group (TAG) secretary.

ISO 24516:2016, Guidelines for the management of assets of water supply and wastewater systems - Part 1: Drinking water distribution networks, specifies guidelines for technical aspects, tools, and good practices for the management of assets of drinking water networks to maintain value from existing assets. The standard was developed by ISO TC 224, Service activities relating to drinking water supply systems and wastewater systems - Quality criteria of the service and performance indicators. The ANSI-accredited U.S. TAG administrator to ISO TC 224 is the American Water Works Association. ANSI is the U.S. member body to ISO, and via the U.S. National Committee, to the IEC.

As new technologies shift infrastructure at a fast pace, voluntary standards are essential to functionality. One example of a standard supporting this is ANSI/NEMA SG-IC 1-2013, Smart Grid Interoperable and Conformant Testing and Certification, a guideline for managing testing and certification of interoperability and security among Smart Grid products. Specifically, the standard from the NEMA describes the roles and responsibilities for each of four main participants in a testing scheme for interoperability and security among Smart Grid products.

Another standard, from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), NFPA 1003-2015, Standard for Airport Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications, identifies the minimum job performance requirements for airport fire fighters. NFPA is a global nonprofit organization devoted to eliminating death, injury, property, and economic loss due to fire, electrical, and related hazards.

ASTM D2940/D2940M-15, Standard Specification for Graded Aggregate Material for Bases or Sub-bases for Highways or Airports, covers quality-controlled graded aggregates that, when hauled to and properly spread and compacted on a prepared grade to appropriate density standards, may be expected to provide adequate stability and load support for use as highway or airport bases or subbases.

ASTM International, an ANSI member and audited designator, seeks to develop voluntary consensus standards to improve product quality, enhance safety, facilitate market access and trade, and build consumer confidence.

See various other guidance documents from U.S.-based and international voluntary standards developers in the ANSI poster.

The poster also highlights a number of ANSI-accredited certification programs related to infrastructure such as waste water treatment, marine products, crane inspectors, and more. For more on ANSI accreditation, visit www.ansiaccreditation.org.

 

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